WoRMS taxon details

Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846

135073  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135073)

accepted
Family
Caryophylliadae Gray, 1847 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Caryophylliinae Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior objective synonym
Parasmiliidae Alloiteau, 1952 † · unaccepted > junior homonym
Parasmiliidae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Parasmiliinae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

Ordering

  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Genus Angelismilia Reig Oriol, 1988 †
  2. Genus Anomocora Studer, 1878
  3. Genus Antillocyathus Wells, 1937 †
  4. Genus Asterosmilia Duncan, 1867 †
  5. Genus Aulocyathus Marenzeller, 1904
  6. Genus Bathycyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  7. Genus Blastocyathus Reuss, 1865 †
  8. Genus Bourneotrochus Wells, 1984
  9. Genus Brachiatusmilia Alloiteau & Tissier, 1958 †
  10. Genus Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801
  11. Genus Caryosmilia Wanner, 1902 †
  12. Genus Ceratotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  13. Genus Cereiophyllia Barta-Calmus, 1973 †
  14. Genus Clonosmilia Chevalier, 1963 †
  15. Genus Coenocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  16. Genus Coenosmilia Pourtalès, 1874
  17. Genus Colangia Pourtalès, 1871
  18. Genus Concentrotheca Cairns, 1979
  19. Genus Confluphyllia Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  20. Genus Conicosmilotrochus Turnšek, 1978 †
  21. Genus Conotrochus Seguenza, 1864
  22. Genus Crispatotrochus Tenison-Woods, 1878
  23. Genus Dasmosmilia Pourtalès, 1880
  24. Genus Dendrosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 †
  25. Genus Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834
  26. Genus Discocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 †
  27. Genus Distolotrochus Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  28. Genus Euafricana Ceccolini & Cianferoni, 2021
  29. Genus Faksephyllia Floris, 1972 †
  30. Genus Faustinotrochus Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  31. Genus Frescocyathus Barta-Calmas, 1969 †
  32. Genus Ghirobocyathus Barta-Calmas, 1969 †
  33. Genus Goniocorella Yabe & Eguchi, 1932
  34. Genus Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  35. Genus Hoplangia Gosse, 1860
  36. Genus Labyrinthocyathus Cairns, 1979
  37. Genus Leptocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 †
  38. Genus Lochmaeotrochus Alcock, 1902
  39. Genus Lophosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 †
  40. Genus Monohedotrochus Kitahara & Cairns, 2005
  41. Genus Multiplexcyathus Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  42. Genus Nomlandia Durham & Barnard, 1952
  43. Genus Oxysmilia Duchassaing, 1870
  44. Genus Paraconotrochus Cairns & Parker, 1992
  45. Genus Paracyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  46. Genus Paramontlivaltia Alloiteau, 1952 †
  47. Genus Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 †
  48. Genus Phacelocyathus Cairns, 1979
  49. Genus Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  50. Genus Placocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 †
  51. Genus Platycyathus de Fromentel, 1862 †
  52. Genus Polycyathus Duncan, 1876
  53. Genus Pourtalosmilia Duncan, 1884
  54. Genus Premocyathus Yabe & Eguchi, 1942
  55. Genus Rhizosmilia Cairns, 1978
  56. Genus Sclerhelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
  57. Genus Smilotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 †
  58. Genus Solenosmilia Duncan, 1873
  59. Genus Sphenotrochopsis Alloiteau & Tissier, 1958 †
  60. Genus Stephanosmilia de Fromentel, 1862 †
  61. Genus Stylocyathus d'Orbigny, 1849 †
  62. Genus Stylotrochus de Fromentel, 1862 †
  63. Genus Sympodangia Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  64. Genus Tethocyathus Kühn, 1933
  65. Genus Thalamophyllia Duchassaing, 1870
  66. Genus Thecocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 †
  67. Genus Trochocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  68. Genus Vielicyathus Morycowa & Roniewicz, 1987 †
  69. Genus Vivesastraea Alloiteau & Tissier, 1958 †
  70. Genus Acanthocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  71. Genus Actinosmilia d'Orbigny, 1849 † accepted as Lophosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  72. Genus Africana Ocaña & Brito, 2015 accepted as Euafricana Ceccolini & Cianferoni, 2021 (unaccepted > junior homonym)
  73. Genus Agelecyathus Duncan, 1876 accepted as Polycyathus Duncan, 1876 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  74. Genus Amblocyathus d'Orbigny, 1849 † accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  75. Genus Anthophyllea Link, 1807 † accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  76. Genus Anthophyllum Schweigger, 1819 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  77. Genus Anthrophyllum Schweigger, 1819 † accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
  78. Genus Aplocyathus d'Orbigny, 1850 accepted as Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) Orbigny, 1850 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  79. Genus Blanfordia Duncan, 1880 † accepted as Platycyathus de Fromentel, 1862 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  80. Genus Blastosmilia Duncan, 1878 accepted as Pourtalosmilia Duncan, 1884 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  81. Genus Botryphyllia Shirai, 1980 accepted as Fimbriaphyllia Veron & Pichon, 1980 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  82. Genus Brachycyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † accepted as Discocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  83. Genus Brachytrochus Reuss, 1864 † accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  84. Genus Brachytrochus Duncan, 1876 accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
  85. Genus Brachytrossatus Strand, 1926 † accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  86. Genus Carophyllia Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  87. Subfamily Caryophylliinae Dana, 1846 accepted as Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
  88. Genus Cenomanosmilia Alloiteau, 1952 † accepted as Lophosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  89. Genus Ceratocyathus Seguenza, 1861 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  90. Genus Ceratosmilia Alloiteau, 1957 † accepted as Smilotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  91. Genus Coelosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 accepted as Anomocora Studer, 1878 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  92. Genus Cyathina Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  93. Genus Cyathoceras Moseley, 1880 accepted as Crispatotrochus Tenison-Woods, 1878 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  94. Genus Cyclicosmilia d'Orbigny, 1849 † accepted as Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  95. Genus Cycliosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † accepted as Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  96. Genus Cyclocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 † accepted as Discocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  97. Genus Cylicosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  98. Genus Cylindrocyathus Alloiteau, 1952 † accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  99. Genus Cyrtocyathus Alloiteau, 1958 † accepted as Trochocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  100. Genus Dasosmilia accepted as Dasmosmilia Pourtalès, 1880 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  101. Genus Dendrocyathus Alloiteau, 1952 † accepted as Dendrosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
  102. Genus Dungulia Oppenheim, 1930 † accepted as Smilotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  103. Genus Edwardsotrochus Chevalier, 1961 † accepted as Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) Chevalier, 1961 † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  104. Genus Elasmosmilia Beauvais, 1961 † accepted as Trochocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  105. Genus Feddenia Duncan, 1880 accepted as Trochosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  106. Genus Felixopsammia Filliozat, 1910 † accepted as Circophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  107. Genus Fragilocyathus Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 accepted as Aulocyathus Marenzeller, 1904 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  108. Genus Gemmulatotrochus Duncan, 1878 accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  109. Genus Gemmulatrochus Duncan, 1878 † accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  110. Genus Goniocyathus Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 accepted as Dasmosmilia Pourtalès, 1880 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  111. Genus Lophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  112. Genus Lophohelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  113. Genus Microcyathus Döderlein, 1913 accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  114. Genus Monocarya Lonsdale, 1850 † accepted as Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  115. Genus Monticyathus Alloiteau & Tissier, 1958 † accepted as Bathycyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  116. Genus Odontocyathus Moseley, 1880 accepted as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) Moseley, 1880 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  117. Subfamily Parasmiliinae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 accepted as Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  118. Genus Parasmiliopsis Alloiteau, 1957 † accepted as Smilotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  119. Genus Paratrochocyathus Alloiteau, 1958 † accepted as Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathis) Alloiteau, 1958 † (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  120. Genus Paterocyathus Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 † accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  121. Genus Phloeocyathus Alcock, 1902 accepted as Conotrochus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  122. Genus Platytrochopsis Sikharulidze, 1975 † accepted as Trochocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  123. Genus Plesiocaryophyllia Alloiteau, 1958 † accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  124. Genus Pleurocyathus Keferstein, 1859 accepted as Conocyathus d'Orbigny, 1849 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  125. Genus Pleurocyathus Moseley, 1881 † accepted as Conotrochus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  126. Genus Prototrochocyathus Kolosvary, 1959 † accepted as Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  127. Genus Psammocyathus Chevalier, 1963 † accepted as Crispatotrochus (Psammocyathus) Chevalier, 1963 † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  128. Genus Psammosmilia de Fromentel, 1866 † accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  129. Genus Pseudodesmophyllum Reig Oriol, 1997 † accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  130. Genus Sabinotrochus Duncan, 1873 accepted as Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  131. Genus Sclerohelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Sclerhelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  132. Genus Scolangia Tenison-Woods, 1880 † accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  133. Genus Soljania Pax, 1955 accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  134. Genus Spongiocyathus Folkeson, 1919 accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  135. Genus Stellangia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  136. Genus Stephanoseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  137. Genus Stephanotrochus Moseley, 1880 accepted as Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  138. Genus Steriphonotrochus Vaughan, 1900 † accepted as Bathycyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  139. Genus Syndapas Lyman, 1859 accepted as Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  140. Genus Thalassiotrochus Milne Edwards, 1861 accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  141. Subfamily Caryophylliinae Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  142. Genus Ellipsosmilia d'Orbigny, 1849 † (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  143. Genus Epitrochus de Fromentel, 1862 † (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have phaceloid,...  
Description This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have phaceloid, meandroid or flabello-meandroid colonies with large, unperforated and widely spaced septa with little or no ornamentation. Corallite walls are of similar structure. The ahermatypic subfamilies are solitary or form phaceloid or dendroid colonies, usually with large-lobed septa and paliform lobes. All Cryophylliidae have a membraneous epitheca.
Related family is Flabellidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135073 on 2024-06-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-12-04 01:41:22Z
changed
2019-01-03 00:33:30Z
changed
2022-05-16 12:53:15Z
changed
2023-12-09 16:57:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Caryophylliinae Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Parasmiliidae Alloiteau, 1952 †) Alloiteau J. (1952). Embranchement des Coelentérés. Madreporaires Post-Paleozoiques. <em>In: Piveteau J, ed. Traité de Paléontologie, Paris: Masson.</em> 539–684, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Parasmiliinae Vaughan & Wells, 1943) Vaughan TW, Wells JW. (1943). Revision of the suborders, families and genera of the Scleractinia. <em>Special Papers of the Geological Society of America.</em> 44: 1-363. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Seiblitz, I.G.L., C.F. Vaga, K.C.C. Capel, S.D. Cairns, J. Stolarski, A.M. Quattrini & M.V. Kitahara. (2022). Caryophylliids (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) and mitochondrial gene order: Insights from mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenomics. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 175: 107565., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2022.107565 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Cairns, S.D. & M. Kitahara. (2012). An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary. <em>ZooKeys.</em> 227: 1-47., available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Corallum solitary or colonial, free (polyp not investing entire corallum) or attached, most azooxanthellate, sometimes reproducing by transverse division; septa laminar, composed of one fan system of numerous closely-spaced, simple trabecular resulting in a smooth axial margin; wall septothecate or parathecate, sometimes covered with textura; endotheca and dissepiments sometimes present; synapticulae absent; septa arranged in various symmetries but usually hexameral; pali and columella present or absent; [details]

From other sources
Description This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have phaceloid, meandroid or flabello-meandroid colonies with large, unperforated and widely spaced septa with little or no ornamentation. Corallite walls are of similar structure. The ahermatypic subfamilies are solitary or form phaceloid or dendroid colonies, usually with large-lobed septa and paliform lobes. All Cryophylliidae have a membraneous epitheca.
Related family is Flabellidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
    Definitions

Loading...


LanguageName 
English cup corals  [details]
Japanese チョウジガイ科  [details]