MolluscaBase taxon details

Thracia Blainville, 1824

138549  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138549)

accepted
Genus
Mya pubescens Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Thracia pubescens (Pulteney, 1799) (type by subsequent designation)
Eximiothracia Iredale, 1924 · unaccepted (synonym)
Ixartia Leach, 1852 · unaccepted > superseded rank
Osteodesma Blainville, 1827 · unaccepted (synonym)
Rupicola Fleuriau de Bellevue, 1802 · unaccepted > junior homonym (not Rupicola Brisson, 1760...)  
not Rupicola Brisson, 1760 (Aves); Rupicilla Schaufuss, 1869 is a replacement name
Thracia (Cetothrax) Iredale, 1949 · alternative representation
Thracia (Crassithracia) Soot-Ryen, 1941 · alternative representation
Thracia (Homoeodesma) P. Fischer, 1887 · alternative representation
Thracia (Ixartia) Leach, 1852 · alternative representation
Thracia (Odoncineta) O. G. Costa, 1830 · alternative representation
Thracia (Thracia) Blainville, 1824 · alternative representation

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  1. Species Thracia adenensis Melvill, 1898
  2. Species Thracia anchoralis Kilburn, 1975
  3. Species Thracia anconensis Olsson, 1961
  4. Species Thracia angasiana E. A. Smith, 1876
  5. Species Thracia arienatoma P. G. Oliver & Holmes, 2004
  6. Species Thracia askinae Zinsmeister & Macellari, 1988 †
  7. Species Thracia bereniceae Coan, 1990
  8. Species Thracia capensis G. B. Sowerby III, 1890
  9. Species Thracia challisiana Dall, 1915
  10. Species Thracia concinna Reeve, 1859
  11. Species Thracia condoni Dall, 1909
  12. Species Thracia conradi Couthouy, 1839
  13. Species Thracia convexa (W. Wood, 1815)
  14. Species Thracia corbuloides Deshayes, 1824
  15. Species Thracia cuneolus Reeve, 1859
  16. Species Thracia curta Conrad, 1837
  17. Species Thracia degrangei Cossmann & Peyrot, 1909 †
  18. Species Thracia devexa G. O. Sars, 1878
  19. Species Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  20. Species Thracia edwardsi Deshayes, 1856 †
  21. Species Thracia freitasi L. R. Cox, 1939 †
  22. Species Thracia gracilis Jeffreys, 1865
  23. Species Thracia grignonensis Deshayes, 1857 †
  24. Species Thracia hainanensis F.-S. Xu, 1989
  25. Species Thracia halitus Cossmann, 1886 †
  26. Species Thracia imperfecta (Lamarck, 1818)
  27. Species Thracia itoi Habe, 1961
  28. Species Thracia kakumana (Yokoyama, 1927)
  29. Species Thracia kowiensis W. H. Turton, 1932
  30. Species Thracia koyamai (Habe, 1981)
  31. Species Thracia lincolnensis Verco, 1907
  32. Species Thracia magna P. Marshall & Murdoch, 1921 †
  33. Species Thracia meridionalis E. A. Smith, 1885
  34. Species Thracia microscopica Cossmann, 1886 †
  35. Species Thracia modesta Angas, 1868
  36. Species Thracia morrisoni Petit, 1964
  37. Species Thracia myodoroides E. A. Smith, 1885
  38. Species Thracia myopsis Møller, 1842
  39. Species Thracia ovata F.-S. Xu, 1989 (accepted > unreplaced junior homonym)
  40. Species Thracia parvula Deshayes, 1857 †
  41. Species Thracia perscabrosa Tate, 1887 †
  42. Species Thracia phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818)
  43. Species Thracia prestwichii Deshayes, 1856 †
  44. Species Thracia pubescens (Pulteney, 1799)
  45. Species Thracia roumei Cosel, 1995
  46. Species Thracia salsettensis Melvill, 1893
  47. Species Thracia septentrionalis Jeffreys, 1872
  48. Species Thracia similis Couthouy, 1839
  49. Species Thracia speciosa Angas, 1869
  50. Species Thracia squamosa P. P. Carpenter, 1856
  51. Species Thracia stimpsoni Dall, 1886
  52. Species Thracia stutchburyi M. Huber, 2010
  53. Species Thracia topei (Zinsmeister, 1984) †
  54. Species Thracia trapezoides Conrad, 1849
  55. Species Thracia vegrandis P. Marshall & Murdoch, 1919
  56. Species Thracia villosiuscula (MacGillivray, 1827)
  57. Species Thracia vitrea (F. W. Hutton, 1873)
  58. Species Thracia watanbei Itoigawa & Shibata, 1975 †
  59. Subgenus Thracia (Cyathodonta) Conrad, 1849 accepted as Cyathodonta Conrad, 1849 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Thracia (Cyathodonta) semirugosa Reeve, 1859 accepted as Cyathodonta rugosa (Lamarck, 1818) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    2. Species Thracia (Cyathodonta) dalli Mansfield, 1929 † represented as Thracia dalli Mansfield, 1929 accepted as Cyathodonta rugosa (Lamarck, 1818)
    3. Species Thracia (Cyathodonta) meridionalis (Guppy, 1911) † (uncertain > unassessed)
  60. Subgenus Thracia (Rupicilla) Schaufuss, 1869 accepted as Thracia (Ixartia) Leach, 1852 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
  61. Subgenus Thracia (Trigonothracia) G. Yamamoto & Habe, 1959 accepted as Trigonothracia G. Yamamoto & Habe, 1959 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    1. Species Thracia (Trigonothracia) nomurai G. Yamamoto & Habe, 1959 accepted as Trigonothracia pusilla (A. Gould, 1861) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  62. Species Thracia adamsi MacGinitie, 1959 accepted as Lampeia adamsi (MacGinitie, 1959)
  63. Species Thracia alciope Angas, 1872 accepted as Thracia imperfecta (Lamarck, 1818)
  64. Species Thracia anatinoides Reeve, 1859 accepted as Thracidentula anatinoides (Reeve, 1859)
  65. Species Thracia antarctica Melvill & Standen, 1898 accepted as Mya antarctica (Melvill & Standen, 1898) (original combination)
  66. Species Thracia australica Reeve, 1859 accepted as Hunkydora australica (Reeve, 1859)
  67. Species Thracia beaniana Récluz, 1845 accepted as Thracia phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818)
  68. Species Thracia beringi Dall, 1915 accepted as Thracia myopsis Møller, 1842
  69. Species Thracia brazieri G. B. Sowerby III, 1884 accepted as Thracia modesta Angas, 1868
  70. Species Thracia brevirostra T. Brown, 1844 accepted as Cuspidaria cuspidata (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  71. Species Thracia brevis Deshayes, 1846 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  72. Species Thracia carnea Mörch, 1860 accepted as Macoploma siliqua (C. B. Adams, 1852)
  73. Species Thracia casani Aradas & Calcara, 1843 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  74. Species Thracia colpoica Dall, 1915 accepted as Skoglundia colpoica (Dall, 1915) (original combination)
  75. Species Thracia concentrica Récluz, 1853 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  76. Species Thracia concinna Gould, 1861 accepted as Thracia concinna Reeve, 1859
  77. Species Thracia corbuloidea accepted as Thracia corbuloides Deshayes, 1824 (incorrect subsequent spelling)
  78. Species Thracia couthouyi W. Stimpson, 1851 accepted as Thracia myopsis Møller, 1842 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  79. Species Thracia crassa Becher, 1886 accepted as Thracia septentrionalis Jeffreys, 1872
  80. Species Thracia dalli Mansfield, 1929 accepted as Cyathodonta rugosa (Lamarck, 1818) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  81. Species Thracia declivis (Pennant, 1777) sensu Conrad, 1832 accepted as Thracia conradi Couthouy, 1839 (misapplication)
  82. Species Thracia diegensis Dall, 1915 accepted as Asthenothaerus diegensis (Dall, 1915) (original combination)
  83. Species Thracia dissimilis Guppy, 1869 accepted as Cyathodonta rugosa (Lamarck, 1818) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  84. Species Thracia durouchouxi Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1897 accepted as Thracia villosiuscula (MacGillivray, 1827)
  85. Species Thracia elongata R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Tellimya ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  86. Species Thracia fabula R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  87. Species Thracia granulosa A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 accepted as Cyathodonta granulosa (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  88. Species Thracia granulosa F. W. Hutton, 1873 accepted as Parilimya neozelanica (Suter, 1914) (Invalid: not A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  89. Species Thracia hiatelloides Brusina, 1886 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  90. Species Thracia inequale C. B. Adams, 1842 accepted as Periploma inequale (C. B. Adams, 1842)
  91. Species Thracia jacksonensis G. B. Sowerby III, 1883 accepted as Thracia modesta Angas, 1868 (junior synonym)
  92. Species Thracia jacksoniana E. A. Smith, 1876 accepted as Thracia angasiana E. A. Smith, 1876
  93. Species Thracia kamayasikensis Hatai, 1940 accepted as Thracia trapezoides Conrad, 1849
  94. Species Thracia kanakoffi Hertlein & U. S. Grant, 1972 accepted as Thracia trapezoides Conrad, 1849
  95. Species Thracia kurosawaensis Hayasaka, 1957 accepted as Thracia trapezoides Conrad, 1849
  96. Species Thracia ludovica Deshayes, 1857 † accepted as Cyathodonta ludovica (Deshayes, 1857) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  97. Species Thracia magnifica Jonas, 1850 accepted as Cyathodonta rugosa (Lamarck, 1818)
  98. Species Thracia maravignae Aradas & Calcara, 1843 accepted as Thracia convexa (W. Wood, 1815)
  99. Species Thracia mitella De Gregorio, 1884 accepted as Thracia phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  100. Species Thracia neozelanica Suter, 1914 † accepted as Parilimya neozelanica (Suter, 1914) (superseded combination)
  101. Species Thracia nitida A. E. Verrill, 1884 accepted as Cetoconcha bulla (Dall, 1881)
  102. Species Thracia nomurai G. Yamamoto & Habe, 1959 accepted as Trigonothracia pusilla (A. Gould, 1861) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  103. Species Thracia novozelandica Reeve, 1859 accepted as Hunkydora novozelandica (Reeve, 1859) (superseded combination)
  104. Species Thracia oblonga Reeve, 1859 accepted as Thracia imperfecta (Lamarck, 1818)
  105. Species Thracia ovalis R. A. Philippi, 1840 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  106. Species Thracia ovalis R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  107. Species Thracia ovata T. Brown, 1844 accepted as Thracia villosiuscula (MacGillivray, 1827)
  108. Species Thracia papyracea (Poli, 1791) accepted as Thracia phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818)
  109. Species Thracia papyracia [sic] accepted as Thracia papyracea (Poli, 1791) accepted as Thracia phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818) (misspelling)
  110. Species Thracia pholadomyoides Forbes, 1844 accepted as Thracia corbuloides Deshayes, 1824
  111. Species Thracia plicata Deshayes, 1832 accepted as Cyathodonta plicata (Deshayes, 1832)
  112. Species Thracia praetenuis [sic] accepted as Cochlodesma praetenue (Pulteney, 1799) (misspelling)
  113. Species Thracia pusilla A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Trigonothracia pusilla (A. Gould, 1861) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  114. Species Thracia quentinensis Dall, 1921 accepted as Thracia curta Conrad, 1837
  115. Species Thracia rectangularis Soot-Ryen, 1941 accepted as Thracia gracilis Jeffreys, 1865
  116. Species Thracia reinga Crozier, 1966 accepted as Tellimya reinga (Crozier, 1966) (superseded combination)
  117. Species Thracia rudis Reeve, 1859 accepted as Pelopina rudis (Reeve, 1859)
  118. Species Thracia rugosa A. d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Thracia similis Couthouy, 1839
  119. Species Thracia rushii Pilsbry, 1897 accepted as Asthenothaerus rushii (Pilsbry, 1897)
  120. Species Thracia scheepmakeri Dunker, 1852 accepted as Thracia convexa (W. Wood, 1815)
  121. Species Thracia sematana Yokoyama, 1922 accepted as Parvithracia sematana (Yokoyama, 1922) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  122. Species Thracia seminuda Scarlato, 1981 accepted as Thracia septentrionalis Jeffreys, 1872
  123. Species Thracia semirugosa Reeve, 1859 accepted as Cyathodonta rugosa (Lamarck, 1818) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  124. Species Thracia tenera Jeffreys, 1880 accepted as Cochlodesma tenerum P. Fischer, 1882
  125. Species Thracia tetragona Jonas, 1839 accepted as Periploma margaritaceum (Lamarck, 1801)
  126. Species Thracia transenna Suter, 1913 accepted as Hunkydora novozelandica (Reeve, 1859) (junior subjective synonym)
  127. Species Thracia transmontana Yokoyama, 1922 accepted as Myadoropsis transmontana (Yokoyama, 1922)
  128. Species Thracia trigona Aradas, 1847 accepted as Thracia convexa (W. Wood, 1815)
  129. Species Thracia trigonalis A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 accepted as Leptomya trigonalis (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  130. Species Thracia truncata Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842 accepted as Thracia septentrionalis Jeffreys, 1872
  131. Species Thracia tschokrakensis Bagdasarian, 1965 † accepted as Thracia ventricosa R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Thracia convexa (W. Wood, 1815) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  132. Species Thracia turtoniana Récluz, 1845 accepted as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  133. Species Thracia ventricosa R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Thracia convexa (W. Wood, 1815)
  134. Species Thracia watsoni E. A. Smith, 1885 accepted as Phragmorisma watsoni (E. A. Smith, 1885) (original combination)
  135. Subgenus Thracia (Cetothrax) Iredale, 1949 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
  136. Subgenus Thracia (Crassithracia) Soot-Ryen, 1941 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
    1. Species Thracia (Crassithracia) meridionalis E. A. Smith, 1885 represented as Thracia meridionalis E. A. Smith, 1885
    2. Species Thracia (Crassithracia) ovata F.-S. Xu, 1989 represented as Thracia ovata F.-S. Xu, 1989
  137. Subgenus Thracia (Homoeodesma) P. Fischer, 1887 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
    1. Species Thracia (Homoeodesma) corbuloides Deshayes, 1824 represented as Thracia corbuloides Deshayes, 1824
  138. Subgenus Thracia (Ixartia) Leach, 1852 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
    1. Species Thracia (Ixartia) curta Conrad, 1837 represented as Thracia curta Conrad, 1837
    2. Species Thracia (Ixartia) distorta (Montagu, 1803) represented as Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
  139. Subgenus Thracia (Odoncineta) O. G. Costa, 1830 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
    1. Species Thracia (Odoncineta) bereniceae Coan, 1990 represented as Thracia bereniceae Coan, 1990
    2. Species Thracia (Odoncineta) degrangei Cossmann & Peyrot, 1909 † represented as Thracia degrangei Cossmann & Peyrot, 1909 †
    3. Species Thracia (Odoncineta) phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Thracia phaseolina (Lamarck, 1818)
    4. Species Thracia (Odoncineta) roumei Cosel, 1995 represented as Thracia roumei Cosel, 1995
    5. Species Thracia (Odoncineta) squamosa P. P. Carpenter, 1856 represented as Thracia squamosa P. P. Carpenter, 1856
    6. Species Thracia (Odoncineta) vitrea (F. W. Hutton, 1873) represented as Thracia vitrea (F. W. Hutton, 1873)
  140. Subgenus Thracia (Thracia) Blainville, 1824 represented as Thracia Blainville, 1824
    1. Species Thracia (Thracia) rectangularis Soot-Ryen, 1941 accepted as Thracia gracilis Jeffreys, 1865 (synonym)
    2. Species Thracia (Thracia) pubescens (Pulteney, 1799) represented as Thracia pubescens (Pulteney, 1799)
    3. Species Thracia (Thracia) vegrandis P. Marshall & Murdoch, 1919 represented as Thracia vegrandis P. Marshall & Murdoch, 1919
  141. Species Thracia aequata Tate, 1870 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  142. Species Thracia corbulopsis W. M. Gabb, 1861 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  143. Species Thracia cultrata Gould, 1861 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  144. Species Thracia gibbosa A. d'Orbigny, 1845 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  145. Species Thracia haasti H. Woods, 1917 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  146. Species Thracia inflata J. De C. Sowerby, 1844 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  147. Species Thracia karquinesensis C. E. Weaver, 1905 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  148. Species Thracia sulcata J. De C. Sowerby, 1844 † (uncertain > unassessed)
  149. Species Thracia togtonheensis S.-X. Wen, 1979 † (uncertain > unassessed)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
feminine
Blainville, H. M. D. de. (1824). Mollusques, Mollusca (Malacoz.), pp. 1-392. In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles (F. Cuvier, ed.), vol. 32. Levrault, Strasbourg et Paris, & Le Normant, Paris. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25299230 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note The designation of the type species of Thracia...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The designation of the type species of Thracia is not straightforward. There are two originally included names with the description by Blainville (1824), his own T. corbuloidea and T. pubescens Leach, but at that time T. corbuloidea is still a nomen nudum, not available nomenclaturally, and Leach did not publish the name pubescens which is however available from Pulteney, 1799.
Later Blainville (1827, p. 660, in corrections and additions to his "Manuel de Malacologie") stated that Thracia pubescens should be excluded but ICZN art. 69.4. says that "Elimination of all but one of the originally included nominal species from a nominal genus or subgenus does not in itself constitute type fixation"
The first formal fixation comes in Deshayes (1830) in the entry for Thracia of "Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle" vol. 16, where he writes "C'est de cette manière que nous avons su que cette belle espèce [Thracia pubescens] était devenue le type d'un nouveau genre du zoologiste anglais. "
However he also describes Thracia pubescens as new species, based on a specimen in Brongniart collection with a manuscript label by Leach, which makes it separately available, homonymous and synonymous with Thracia pubescens Pulteney also based on Leach's unpublished name.

 [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Thracia Blainville, 1824. Accessed at: https://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138549 on 2024-06-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2012-06-29 07:01:18Z
changed
2019-07-23 19:29:11Z
changed
2023-10-17 19:31:31Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Blainville, H. M. D. de. (1824). Mollusques, Mollusca (Malacoz.), pp. 1-392. In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles (F. Cuvier, ed.), vol. 32. Levrault, Strasbourg et Paris, & Le Normant, Paris. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25299230 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Thracia (Crassithracia) Soot-Ryen, 1941) Soot-Ryen T. (1941). Northern Pelecypods in the collection of Tromsø Museum. <i>Tromsø Museums årshefter 1-41, pl. 1-10</i>:
page(s): 19 [details]   

original description  (of Thracia (Homoeodesma) P. Fischer, 1887) Fischer, P. (1880-1887). <i>Manuel de conchyliologie et de paléontologie conchyliologique, ou histoire naturelle des mollusques vivants et fossiles suivi d'un Appendice sur les Brachiopodes par D. P. Oehlert. Avec 23 planches contenant 600 figures dessinées par S. P. Woodward.</i>. Paris: F. Savy. Published in 11 parts (fascicules), xxiv + 1369 pp., 23 pls. [1: 1-112, 21 September 1880; 2: 113-192, 16 March 1881; 3: 193-304, 28 July 1881; 4: 305-416, 5 May 1882; 5: 417-512, 21 February 1883; 6: 513-608, 20 December 1883; 7: 609-688, 30 June 1884; 8: 689-784, 29 January 1885; 9: 785-896, 31 August 1885; 10: 897-1008, 30 April 1886; 11: 1009-1369, 15 June 1887]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47340
page(s): 1171 [details]   

original description  (of Osteodesma Blainville, 1827) Blainville, H. M. D. de. (1825-1827). <i>Manuel de malacologie et de conchyliologie</i>. Paris, Levrault 1-647 [1825], 649-664 + 109 pl. [1827]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43891
page(s): 659 [details]   

original description  (of Rupicola Fleuriau de Bellevue, 1802) Fleuriau [de] Bellevue [L.B.] 1802. Extrait d'un mémoire sur quelques nouveaux genres de mollusques et vers lithophages, et sur les facultés qu'ont ces animaux de percer les rochers; lu à l'Institut National, le 6 Ventose an 19. <i>Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique</i>, Paris, 3(62): 105-109., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5495010
page(s): 106-107 [details]   

original description  (of Odoncineta O. G. Costa, 1830) Costa, O. G. (1830 ["1829"]). Catalogo sistematico e ragionato de' testacei delle Due Sicilie. Tipografia della Minerva, Napoli, pp. 1-8, i-cxxxii, pl. 1-3., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13047696
page(s): xiv, xxiii, cxxxi [details]   

original description  (of Ixartia Leach, 1852) Leach, W. E. (1852). Molluscorum Britanniae Synopsis. A synopsis of the Mollusca of Great Britain arranged according to their natural affinities and anatomical structure. Van Voorst, London, viii + 376 pp. (edited posthumously by J. E. Gray). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13107076
page(s): 272 [details]   

original description  (of Thracia (Rupicilla) Schaufuss, 1869) Schaufuss, L. W. (1869). <i>Molluscorum systema et catalogus</i>. Aufzählung sämmtlicher Conchylien der Sammlung von Fr. Paetel. [4] + xiv + 119 pp. [4] + xiv + 119 pp. Oscar Weiske, Dresden., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44508
page(s): 18 [details]   

context source (PeRMS) Paredes, C.; Cardoso, F.; Santamaría, J.; Esplana, J.; Llaja, L. (2016). Lista anotada de los bivalvos marinos del Perú. <em>Revista peruana de biología.</em> 23(2), 127-150., available online at http://www.scielo.org.pe/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1727-99332016000200006 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

additional source Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority The name is dated by Sherborn from Sowerby's "Mineral conchology of Great Britain" (1823: vol. 5 p. 20) but therein it is only a mention of a manuscript name by Leach, without a description. It is made available, with a full generic description, in Blainville's article "Mollusques" of "Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles" vol. 32, p. 347. [details]

Type species The designation of the type species of Thracia is not straightforward. There are two originally included names with the description by Blainville (1824), his own T. corbuloidea and T. pubescens Leach, but at that time T. corbuloidea is still a nomen nudum, not available nomenclaturally, and Leach did not publish the name pubescens which is however available from Pulteney, 1799.
Later Blainville (1827, p. 660, in corrections and additions to his "Manuel de Malacologie") stated that Thracia pubescens should be excluded but ICZN art. 69.4. says that "Elimination of all but one of the originally included nominal species from a nominal genus or subgenus does not in itself constitute type fixation"
The first formal fixation comes in Deshayes (1830) in the entry for Thracia of "Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle" vol. 16, where he writes "C'est de cette manière que nous avons su que cette belle espèce [Thracia pubescens] était devenue le type d'un nouveau genre du zoologiste anglais. "
However he also describes Thracia pubescens as new species, based on a specimen in Brongniart collection with a manuscript label by Leach, which makes it separately available, homonymous and synonymous with Thracia pubescens Pulteney also based on Leach's unpublished name.

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