WoRMS taxon details

Irus F. C. Schmidt, 1818

138640  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138640)

accepted
Genus
Donax irus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Irus irus (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by absolute tautonymy)
Irona Finlay, 1926 · unaccepted (Invalid: junior homonym of Irona...)  
Invalid: junior homonym of Irona Mabille, 1883 [Gastropoda]; Notirus is a replacement name
Irus (Irus) F. C. Schmidt, 1818 · alternative representation
Irus (Notirus) Finlay, 1928 · alternative representation
Irus (Notopaphia) W. R. B. Oliver, 1923 · alternative representation
Notirus Finlay, 1928 · unaccepted
Venerupis (Irus) F. C. Schmidt, 1818 · unaccepted > superseded rank

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Children Display

  1. Species Irus carditoides (Lamarck, 1818)
  2. Species Irus crenatus (Lamarck, 1818)
  3. Species Irus cumingii (Deshayes, 1854)
  4. Species Irus elegans (Deshayes, 1854)
  5. Species Irus exoticus (Lamarck, 1818)
  6. Species Irus griseus (Lamarck, 1818)
  7. Species Irus interstriatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1854)
  8. Species Irus irus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  9. Species Irus ishibashianus Kuroda & Habe, 1952
  10. Species Irus macrophylla (Deshayes, 1853)
  11. Species Irus mitis (Deshayes, 1854)
  12. Species Irus reflexus (J. E. Gray, 1843)
  13. Species Irus vertumnalium (Melvill, 1918)
  14. Species Irus distans (Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Irus carditoides (Lamarck, 1818) (a junior synonym)
  15. Species Irus lamellifera Conrad, 1837 accepted as Irusella lamellifera (Conrad, 1837)
  16. Species Irus macrophyllus (Deshayes, 1853) accepted as Irus macrophylla (Deshayes, 1853)
  17. Subgenus Irus (Irus) F. C. Schmidt, 1818 represented as Irus F. C. Schmidt, 1818
    1. Species Irus (Irus) irus (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Irus irus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    2. Species Irus (Irus) ishibashianus Kuroda & Habe, 1952 represented as Irus ishibashianus Kuroda & Habe, 1952
  18. Subgenus Irus (Notirus) Finlay, 1928 represented as Irus F. C. Schmidt, 1818
    1. Species Irus (Notirus) exoticus (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Irus exoticus (Lamarck, 1818)
    2. Species Irus (Notirus) mitis (Deshayes, 1854) represented as Irus mitis (Deshayes, 1854)
    3. Species Irus (Notirus) reflexus (J. E. Gray, 1843) represented as Irus reflexus (J. E. Gray, 1843)
  19. Subgenus Irus (Notopaphia) W. R. B. Oliver, 1923 represented as Irus F. C. Schmidt, 1818
    1. Species Irus (Notopaphia) elegans (Deshayes, 1854) represented as Irus elegans (Deshayes, 1854)
    2. Species Irus (Notopaphia) griseus (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Irus griseus (Lamarck, 1818)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Schmidt F.C. 1818, Versuch über die beste Einrichtung zur Aufstellung: Behandlung und Aufbewahrung der verschiedenen Naturkörper und gegenṣtände der Kunst, vorzüglich der Conchylien-Sammlungen, nebst kurzer Beurtheilung der conchyliologischen Systeme und Schriften und einer tabellarischen Zusammenstellung und Vergleichung der sechs besten und neuesten conchyliologischen Systeme. Gotha, J. Perth, 252 pp. , available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015061903053#view=1up;seq=15
page(s): 158 [details]   
Fossil range Middle Miocene - Recent  
Fossil range Middle Miocene - Recent [details]

Nomenclature Name originally published by Oken (1815) in a book ("Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichten") which has been placed on the Official...  
Nomenclature Name originally published by Oken (1815) in a book ("Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichten") which has been placed on the Official index of rejected Works (ICZN Opinion 417). It was first used as valid by Schmidt (1818) who included two species, inaequivalvis and rugosus and cited Donax irus in the synonymy of the latter. This last species becomes the type species by tautonymy.  [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Irus F. C. Schmidt, 1818. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138640 on 2024-05-29
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-14 07:47:17Z
changed
2012-08-18 12:30:17Z
changed
2021-10-27 07:11:40Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Schmidt F.C. 1818, Versuch über die beste Einrichtung zur Aufstellung: Behandlung und Aufbewahrung der verschiedenen Naturkörper und gegenṣtände der Kunst, vorzüglich der Conchylien-Sammlungen, nebst kurzer Beurtheilung der conchyliologischen Systeme und Schriften und einer tabellarischen Zusammenstellung und Vergleichung der sechs besten und neuesten conchyliologischen Systeme. Gotha, J. Perth, 252 pp. , available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015061903053#view=1up;seq=15
page(s): 158 [details]   

original description  (of Notirus Finlay, 1928) Finlay, H. J. (1928). The Recent Mollusca of the Chatham Islands. <em>Transactions of the New Zealand Institute.</em> 59: 232-286.
page(s): 278 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Notopaphia W. R. B. Oliver, 1923) Oliver, W. R. B. (1923). Notes on New Zealand pelecypods. <em>Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London.</em> 15(4): 179-188., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30347178
page(s): 185 [details]   

original description  (of Irona Finlay, 1926) Finlay, H. J. (1926). A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. <em>Transactions of the New Zealand Institute.</em> 57: 320-485, pls 18-23 [dated 1927, published Dec, 1926]., available online at http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_57/rsnz_57_00_003550.html
page(s): 471 [details]   

taxonomy source Goncharova I.A. (1986). The system and history of the tapetines (Bivalvia, Veneridae, Tapetinae) of the Neogene seas of West Eurasia. <em>Paleogene-Neogene bivalves of the Far East and Eastern Paratethys: A collection of scientific papers [= Палеоген-неогеновые двустворчатые моллюски Дальнего Востока и Восточного Паратетиса: Сборник научных трудов].</em> pp. 75-100.
page(s): 85 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

additional source Vaught, K.C.; Abbott, R.T.; Boss, K.J. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne. ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Nevesskaja, L.A.; Goncharova, I.A.; Paramonova, N.P.; Popov, S.V.; Babak, E.V.; Bagdasarjan, K.G.; Voronina, A.A. (1993). Opredelitel' miotsenovykh dvustvorchatykh mollyuskov yugo-zapadnoy Yevrazii. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, 247: 1-412, available online at http://www.geokniga.org/books/14254
page(s): 191 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Fossil range Middle Miocene - Recent [details]

Nomenclature Name originally published by Oken (1815) in a book ("Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichten") which has been placed on the Official index of rejected Works (ICZN Opinion 417). It was first used as valid by Schmidt (1818) who included two species, inaequivalvis and rugosus and cited Donax irus in the synonymy of the latter. This last species becomes the type species by tautonymy.  [details]
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