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Clinal genetic variation and isolation by distance in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.)
Maes, G.E.; Volckaert, F.A.M.J. (2002). Clinal genetic variation and isolation by distance in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.), in: (2002). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 32(2002). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 32: pp. chapter 32
In: (2002). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 32(2002). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 32. Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende, more
In: VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee: Oostende. ISSN 1376-3822, more

Also published as
  • Maes, G.E.; Volckaert, F.A.M.J. (2002). Clinal genetic variation and isolation by distance in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 77(4): 509-521, more
  • Maes, G.E.; Volckaert, F.A.M.J. (2005). Clinal genetic variation and isolation by distance in the European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.), in: Maes, G.E. (2005). Evolutionary consequences of a catadromous life-strategy on the genetic structure of European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.). pp. 85-100, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 98729 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Allozymes; Bioselection; Genetic diversity; Marine organisms; Population genetics; Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Atlantic North East [gazetteer]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Maes, G.E., more
  • Volckaert, F.A.M.J., more

Abstract
    The genetic variability and structure of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) in populations throughout Europe was reassessed using 15 allozymic loci, seven of which were polymorphic. Seven sites were sampled on a latitudinal gradient across the natural continental range, extending from southern France to southern Norway. Heterozygosity (He = 0.05) and level of polymorphism (P = 0.43) were comparable to other marine fish. Populations were poorly differentiated (GST = 0.014, FST = 0.002), which is not surprising considering the high dispersal capability of the European eel. However, a significant geographical cline was detected at two alleles (IDh-1*100 and GPI-1*110), andgenetie distances (DCE) were concordant with geographical coastal distances. Mantel tests, pairwise FST's and multidimensional scaling analyses identify three distinct groups: Northern Europe, Western Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. We propose that the clinal genetic structure in the European eel may be due to (1) isolation by distance (as recently detected with microsatellites), (2) temporal reproductive separation, (3) post-larval selective forces, (4) contact between formerly separated groups or (5) some combination thereof.

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