|Effect of modified atmosphere packaging on the TVB/TMA-producing microflora of cod fillets|
Debevere, J.; Boskou, G. (1996). Effect of modified atmosphere packaging on the TVB/TMA-producing microflora of cod fillets. Intern. J. Food Microbiol. 31(1-3): 221-229
In: International Journal of Food Microbiology. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0168-1605, more
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Cod fillets (Gadus morhua) were packed under modified atmospheres, with four different gas compositions (60% CO2-10% O2-30% N2, 60% CO2-20% O2-20% N2, 60% CO2-30% O2-10% N2, 60% CO2-40% O2), and stored at 6 degrees C. Plate counts were carried out after 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 days, to follow the growth of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, H2S-producing bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae. The production of total volatile bases (TVB) and trimethylamine (TMA), and the changes in pH of the fillets were measured. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) had in general an inhibitory effect on the growth of the microflora but limited inhibition of the production of TVB and TMA. Despite the fact that increased oxygen proportions in the atmosphere contributed in a slightly lower production of TMA, all the samples had a TVB and TMA content high enough to be considered as spoiled after 4 days' storage at 6 degrees C. A total aerobic plate count at 25 degrees C of a 10(6) cfu/g, combined with the presence of only a 10(3) cfu/g of H2S-producing bacteria, which are normally considered as TMAO-reducing organisms in fish, cannot explain the strong increase in TMA. A high cell concentration of more than 10(8) cfu/g of Shewanella putrefaciens is required for production of a TMA level normally found in spoiled fish. This suggests that there could be another type of bacterium in fish, not involved in the spoilage of unpacked fish, which is resistant to 60% CO2, is not H2S-producing, and shows a high TMAO-reducing capacity. This bacterium could be Photobacterium phosphoreum.