|Ultrastructure and mineral composition of serpulid tubes (Polychaeta, Annelida)|
|Vinn, O.; ten Hove, H.A.; Mutvei, H.; Kirsimäe, K. (2008). Ultrastructure and mineral composition of serpulid tubes (Polychaeta, Annelida). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 154(4): 633-650. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00421.x|
|In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London. ISSN 0024-4082, more|
Biomineralization; Skeleton; Ultrastructure; Annelida [WoRMS]; Polychaeta [WoRMS]; Serpulidae Rafinesque, 1815 [WoRMS]; Marine
We have studied the tube ultrastructure of 44 recent species from 36 serpulid genera. Twelve distinct ultrastructures are identified. Serpulids possess very diverse tube ultrastructures, in contrast with the traditional point of view. Most species show single-layered tubes, but 34% of these species have between two and four ultrastructurally different layers. Tubes are mostly bimineralic, and are composed of aragonite and calcite; however, one of the polymorphs is always dominant. All the studied single-layered tubes with a lamello fibrillar tube ultrastructure are exclusively calcitic; prismatic structures, both in regular or irregular orientation, are either calcitic or aragonitic in composition. There is no correlation between tube mineralogy, and ultrastructure, and marine, brackish, and freshwater environments. We find that 47% of the serpulid species studied possess a unique combination of tube structure characters.