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|A protocol for classifying ecologically relevant marine zones, a statistical approach|Verfaillie, E.; Degraer, S.; Schelfaut, K.; Willems, W.; Van Lancker, V. (2009). A protocol for classifying ecologically relevant marine zones, a statistical approach. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 83(2): 175-185. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.03.003
In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Academic Press in association with the Estuarine and Brackish-water Sciences Association,/Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0272-7714, more
Abiotic factors; Cluster analysis; Indicator species; Landscapes; Macrobenthos; Mapping; Marine environment; Species; Zonation (ecological); ANE, Belgium, Belgian Continental Shelf (BCS) [Marine Regions]; Marine
marine landscape approach; zonation; abiotic variables; macrobenthic species; principal components analysis; cluster analysis; Belgian part of the North Sea
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Mapping ecologically relevant zones in the marine environment has become increasingly important. Biological data are however often scarce and alternatives are being sought in optimal classifications of abiotic variables. The concept of ‘marine landscapes’ is based on a hierarchical classification of geological, hydrographic and other physical data. This approach is however subject to many assumptions and subjective decisions.
An objective protocol for zonation is being proposed here where abiotic variables are subjected to a statistical approach, using principal components analysis (PCA) and a cluster analysis. The optimal number of clusters (or zones) is being defined using the Calinski-Harabasz criterion. The methodology has been applied on datasets of the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS), a shallow sandy shelf environment with a sandbank-swale topography.
The BPNS was classified into 8 zones that represent well the natural variability of the seafloor. The internal cluster consistency was validated with a split run procedure, with more than 99% correspondence between the validation and the original dataset. The ecological relevance of 6 out of the 8 zones was demonstrated, using indicator species analysis.
The proposed protocol, as exemplified for the BPNS, can easily be applied to other areas and provides a strong knowledge basis for environmental protection and management of the marine environment. A SWOT-analysis, showing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the protocol was performed.