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Preparation and characterisation of silicone-based coatings filled with carbon nanotubes and natural sepiolite and their application as marine fouling-release coatings
Beigbeder, A.; Degee, P.; Conlan, S.L.; Mutton, R.J.; Clare, A.S.; Pettitt, M.E.; Callow, M.E.; Callow, J.A.; Dubois, P. (2008). Preparation and characterisation of silicone-based coatings filled with carbon nanotubes and natural sepiolite and their application as marine fouling-release coatings. Biofouling (Print) 24(4): 291-302. dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927010802162885
In: Biofouling. Taylor & Francis: Chur; New York. ISSN 0892-7014, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Balanus Costa, 1778 [WoRMS]; Ulva Linnaeus, 1753 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    algae; barnacles; carbon nanotubes; fouling-release coatings;

Authors  Top 
  • Beigbeder, A., more
  • Degee, P.
  • Conlan, S.L.
  • Mutton, R.J.
  • Clare, A.S.
  • Pettitt, M.E.
  • Callow, M.E.
  • Callow, J.A.
  • Dubois, P., more

Abstract
    This article reports on the preparation and partial characterisation of silicone-based coatings called with low levels of either synthetic multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or natural sepiolite (NS). The antifouling and fouling-release properties of these coatings were explored through laboratory assays involving representative soft-fouling (Ulva) and hard-fouling (Balanus) organisms. The bulk mechanical properties of the coatings appeared unchanged by the addition of low amounts of filler,in contrast to the surface properties, which were modified on exposure to water. The release of Ulva sporelings (young plants) was improved by the addition of low amounts of both NS and MWCNTs. The most profound effect recorded was the significant reduction of adhesion strength of adult barnacles growing on a silicone elastomer containing a small amount (0.05%) of MWCNTs. All the data indicate that independent of the bulk properties, the surface properties affect settlement, and more particularly, the fouling-release behaviour, of the filled materials.

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