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Nitrogen cycling in the Southern Ocean Kerguelen Plateau area: evidence for significant surface nitrification from nitrate isotopic compositions
Dehairs, F.; Fripiat, F.; Cavagna, A.-J.; Trull, W; Fernandez, C; Davies, D; Roukaerts, A.; Fonseca Batista, D.; Planchon, F; Elskens, M. (2015). Nitrogen cycling in the Southern Ocean Kerguelen Plateau area: evidence for significant surface nitrification from nitrate isotopic compositions. Biogeosciences 12(5): 1459-1482. dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-1459-2015
In: Gattuso, J.P.; Kesselmeier, J. (Ed.) Biogeosciences. Copernicus Publications: Göttingen. ISSN 1726-4170, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Dehairs, F., more
  • Fripiat, F., more
  • Cavagna, A.-J., more
  • Trull, W
  • Fernandez, C
  • Davies, D
  • Roukaerts, A., more
  • Fonseca Batista, D., more
  • Planchon, F
  • Elskens, M., more

Abstract
    This paper presents whole water column data for nitrate N, O isotopic composition for the Kerguelen Plateau area and the basin extending east of Heard Island, aiming at understanding the N-cycling in this naturally iron fertilized area that is characterized by large re-current phytoplankton blooms. The KEOPS 2 expedition (October–November 2011) took place in spring season and complements knowledge gathered during an earlier summer expedition to the same area (KEOPS 1, February–March 2005). As noted by others a remarkable condition of the system is the moderate consumption of nitrate over the season (nitrate remains >20 µM) while silicic acid becomes depleted, suggesting significant recycling of nitrogen. Nitrate isotopic signatures in the upper water column do mimic this condition, with surprising overlap of spring and summer regressions of d18ONO3 vs. d15NNO3 isotopic compositions. These regressions obey rather closely the 18?/15? discrimination expected for nitrate uptake (18?/15? = 1), but regression slopes as large as 1.6 were observed for the mixed layer above the Kerguelen Plateau. A preliminarily mass balance calculation for the early bloom period points toward significant nitrification occurring in the mixed layer and which may be equivalent to up to 47% of nitrate uptake above the Kerguelen Plateau. A further finding concerns deep ocean low d18ONO3 values (<2‰) underlying high chlorophyll waters at the Polar Front Zone and which cannot be explained by remineralization and nitrification of the local particulate nitrogen flux, which is too small in magnitude. However, the studied area is characterized by a complex recirculation pattern that would keep deep waters in the area and could impose a seasonally integrated signature of surface water processes on the deep waters.

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