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The benthic impacts of the Loch Linnhe Artificial Reef
Wilding, T.A. (2006). The benthic impacts of the Loch Linnhe Artificial Reef, in: Queiroga, H. et al. (Ed.) Marine biodiversity: patterns and processes, assessment, threats, management and conservation: Proceedings of the 38th European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Aveiro, Portugal, 8-12 September 2003. Developments in Hydrobiology, 183: pp. 345-353. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1130-4
In: Queiroga, H. et al. (Ed.) (2006). Marine biodiversity: patterns and processes, assessment, threats, management and conservation: Proceedings of the 38th European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Aveiro, Portugal, 8-12 September 2003. Developments in Hydrobiology, 183. Springer: Dordrecht. ISBN 1-4020-4321-X. XV, 353 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more

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Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Artificial reefs; Benthos; Marine
Author keywords
    artificial reefs; benthic impacts

Author  Top 
  • Wilding, T.A.

Abstract
    Artificial reefs are man-made structures that are placed on the seabed to mimic natural reefs. The Loch Linnhe Artificial Reef will consist of up to 40 reef modules, when completed, each constructed using concrete blocks. As part of this complex, reef modules of approximately 200 tonnes were deployed in June 2001 and January 2002 and form the basis of this study. Sediment samples were taken adjacent to- and 5 m from the reef perimeters and characterised in terms of sediment oxygenation (redox), particle size, organic carbon (loss on ignition) and coarseness (material >1 mm and <5 mm). Changes in molluscs and ophiuroids (>1 mm) present in the sediment were linked to chemico-physical changes occurring as a consequence of the reef. Both reefs trapped macroalgal phytodetritus at the perimeters, which subsequently decomposed. This accumulated material isolated the seabed from the overlying water column and was associated with a decrease in sediment oxygenation that was linked to changes in community structure. LOI was significantly higher around one reef compared with 5 m from that reef. The reefs did not cause significant changes in the sediment texture (median particle size or coarseness) and neither LOI nor sedimentary texture changes were associated with community change.

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