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Thyroid disruption in walleye (Sander vitreus) exposed to environmental contaminants: cloning and use of iodothyronine deiodinases as molecular biomarkers
Picard-Aitken, M.; Fournier, H.; Pariseau, R.; Marcogliese, D.J.; Cyr, D.G. (2007). Thyroid disruption in walleye (Sander vitreus) exposed to environmental contaminants: cloning and use of iodothyronine deiodinases as molecular biomarkers. Aquat. Toxicol. 83(3): 200-211. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.04.004
In: Aquatic Toxicology. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0166-445X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Cdna; Endocrine disruptors; Fish; Thyroid hormones; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Picard-Aitken, M.
  • Fournier, H.
  • Pariseau, R.
  • Marcogliese, D.J.
  • Cyr, D.G.

Abstract
    Thyroid hormones play a role in the initiation of ovarian maturation in fish. Thus, reports of delayed sexual maturation in female walleye (Sander vitreus) exposed to contaminants in the Ottawa River suggest the presence of endocrine disrupting chemicals. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of environmental contaminants in the Ottawa River on thyroid hormones of immature walleye and to develop a molecular biomarker of thyroid status. Walleye were sampled in the Ottawa River at Deep River (reference site), at Rivière Blanche (downstream from the Ottawa and Gatineau municipal wastewater treatment plants outflows), and at Plaisance (downstream from a pulp and paper mill). Plasma thyroid hormone levels were measured by radioimmunoassay. Walleye at Plaisance had two-fold elevated levels of thyroxine (T4) and 1.5-fold elevated levels triiodothyronine (T3), whereas the molar ratio of T3:T4 was reduced by over 50% compared to Deep River. Plasma T3 levels were also elevated by approximately 1.5-fold at Rivière Blanche. Three iodothyronine deiodinases, a family of enzymes responsible for converting the prohormone T4 to biologically active T3, as well as for inactivating these two hormones, were partially cloned in walleye. A real-time PCR assay of deiodinase expression indicated that hepatic mRNA levels of type I and type III deiodinase were not modified between sites, whereas they were increased for type II deiodinase at Rivière Blanche as compared to the other sites. The response of this novel molecular transcript indicates a divergence with that expected based on the effects of experimentally induced hyperthyroidism on fish deiodinase expression; additional endpoints are therefore necessary to interpret changes in thyroid hormones levels in fish exposed to environmental contaminants.

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