|Modulating aggression through experience|
Hsu, Y.; Earley, R.L.; Wolf, L.L. (2006). Modulating aggression through experience, in: Brown, C. et al. (Ed.) Fish cognition and behavior. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series, 11: pp. 96-118
In: Brown, C.; Laland, K.N.; Krause, J. (Ed.) (2006). Fish cognition and behavior. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series, 11. Blackwell Publishing: Oxford. ISBN 978-1-4051-3429-3. XVIII, 328 pp., more
In: Pitcher, T.J. (Ed.) Fish and Aquatic Resources Series. Blackwell Science: Oxford. ISSN 1746-2606, more
Aggressive behaviour; Aquaculture; Bioenergetics; Foraging behaviour; Learning behaviour; Nutrition; Marine
|Authors|| || Top |
- Hsu, Y.
- Earley, R.L.
- Wolf, L.L.
Aggressive interactions are a common means of contesting resources for most animals. Considerable variation occurs in whether a specific individual wins a particular aggressive contest. Influences on the behaviour of individuals that might produce this variation include, among many factors, hunger, size, residency and age (Beaugrand et al. 1996; Hsu et al. 2006). Behavioural ecologists have been quite successful in understanding variation in contest outcomes, employing benefit/cost models to predict such things as contest duration and winner (e.g. Riechert 1998). Benefits are immediate or longer-term positive effects on fitness of the individual, such as gaining access to food or mates as a result of the contest. Costs include time and energy spent in the contest as well as the possibility of being injured or the increased chance of being taken by a predator.