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Climate change and marine plankton
Hays, G.C.; Richardson, A.J.; Robinson, C. (2005). Climate change and marine plankton. Trends Ecol. Evol. 20(6): 337-344. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.03.004
In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution. Elsevier Science: Amsterdam. ISSN 0169-5347, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Climatic changes; Plankton; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Hays, G.C.
  • Richardson, A.J., more
  • Robinson, C.

Abstract
    Understanding how climate change will affect the planet is a key issue worldwide. Questions concerning the pace and impacts of climate change are thus central to many ecological and biogeochemical studies, and addressing the consequences of climate change is now high on the list of priorities for funding agencies. Here, we review the interactions between climate change and plankton communities, focusing on systematic changes in plankton community structure, abundance, distribution and phenology over recent decades. We examine the potential socioeconomic impacts of these plankton changes, such as the effects of bottom-up forcing on commercially exploited fish stocks (i.e. plankton as food for fish). We also consider the crucial roles that plankton might have in dictating the future pace of climate change via feedback mechanisms responding to elevated atmospheric CO2 levels. An important message emerges from this review: ongoing plankton monitoring programmes worldwide will act as sentinels to identify future changes in marine ecosystems.

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