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Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea - which, when, where, why?
Galil, B.S. (2008). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea - which, when, where, why?, in: Davenport, J. et al. (Ed.) Challenges to Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Cork, Ireland, 4-8 September 2005. Developments in Hydrobiology, 202: pp. 105-116
In: Davenport, J. et al. (Ed.) (2008). Challenges to Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Cork, Ireland, 4-8 September 2005. Developments in Hydrobiology, 202. European Marine Biology Symposia, 41. ISBN 978-1-4020-8807-0. 211 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more

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Keywords
    Alien species; Biodiversity; Data reduction; Databases; Geographical distribution; Global warming; Global warming; Global warming; Introduced species; Mariculture; Marine biology; Population dynamics; Metazoa; Africa [Marine Regions]; Egypt, Arab Rep., Suez Canal [Marine Regions]; MED, Adriatic Sea [Marine Regions]; MED, Eastern Mediterranean [Marine Regions]; Marine

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Abstract
    A critical evaluation of more than 2,200 publications, some dating back to the late 1800s, established the presence, and traced the spatio-temporal spread, of 558 alien metazoan species in the Mediterranean Sea. The majority of aliens in the eastern Mediterranean entered through the Suez Canal, whereas mariculture and shipping are powerful means of introduction in the northwestern Mediterranean and in the Adriatic Sea. Most aliens are thermophilic species. The possible causes for the epic scale of invasion in the Mediterranean Sea are discussed.

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