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Mangrove forests in a peri-urban setting: the case of Mombasa (Kenya)
Mohamed, M.O.S.; Neukermans, G.; Kairo, J.; Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Koedam, N. (2009). Mangrove forests in a peri-urban setting: the case of Mombasa (Kenya). Wetlands Ecol. Manag. 17(3): 243-255. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11273-008-9104-8
In: Wetlands Ecology and Management. Springer: Den Haag; Dordrecht; Hingham, MA; Amsterdam. ISSN 0923-4861, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Mohamed, M.O.S.; Neukermans, G.; Kairo, J.; Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Koedam, N. (2008). Mangrove forests in a peri-urban setting: the case of Mombasa (Kenya), in: Mohamed, M.O.S. Are peri-urban mangrove forests viable? Effects of sewage pollution and wood exploitation on the structure and development of the mangroves of Mombasa (Kenya). pp. 36-55, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 211173 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Anthropogenic effects; Regeneration; ISW, Kenya, Mombasa, Tudor Creek; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Mohamed, M.O.S., more
  • Neukermans, G., more
  • Kairo, J., more
  • Dahdouh-Guebas, F., more
  • Koedam, N., more

Abstract
    The structure and regeneration patterns of the peri-urban mangrove vegetation of Mombasa at Tudor creek were studied along belt transects at two forest sites of Kombeni and Tsalu. Based on the species importance values, the dominant mangrove species were Rhizophora mucronata Lam. (Rhizophoraceae) and Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. (Avicenniaceae). Lumnitzera racemosa Willd., reported in an earlier floristic survey, was not encountered. Tree density varied from 1,264 trees ha-1 at Kombeni to 1,301 trees ha-1 at Tsalu and mean tree height was higher at the former site compared to the latter. The size-class structure at both localities showed the numerical dominance of small trees over larger trees. The spatial distribution pattern of adults and juveniles varied greatly between sites and showed a close to uniform pattern (Morisita’s Index I d << 1) for adult trees, but a tendency to clustered distribution (I d >> 1) for juveniles. The present paper shows that unmanaged but exploited peri-urban mangroves are structurally stressed, having enlarged canopy gaps that are characterised by spatial and temporal site heterogeneity that influences regeneration, implying longer periods for canopy closure. Diversifying uses of mangrove products and establishing reserves as no cut zones with regulated harvesting will minimise canopy gap sizes, and promote conservation practices. The proposed management strategy shall boost the ecosystem resilience to both anthropogenic and natural stressors expected in the peri-urban setting in the long run.

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