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Feeding ecology of littoral gobiid and blennioid fishes of the Banyuls area (Mediterranean Sea): 3. Seasonal variations
Zander, C.D.; Hagemann, T. (1989). Feeding ecology of littoral gobiid and blennioid fishes of the Banyuls area (Mediterranean Sea): 3. Seasonal variations, in: Ros, J.D. (Ed.) Topics in Marine Biology: Proceedings of the 22nd European Marine Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, August 1987. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 53(2-3): pp. 441-449
In: Ros, J.D. (Ed.) (1989). Topics in Marine Biology: Proceedings of the 22nd European Marine Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, August 1987. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 53(2-3). Instituto de Ciencias del Mar: Barcelona. 145-754 pp., more
In: Scientia Marina (Barcelona). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Institut de Ciènces del Mar: Barcelona. ISSN 0214-8358, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [16946]
Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Zander, C.D.
  • Hagemann, T.

Abstract
    The quantitative analysis of small-sized fish assemblages is still in an early phase. This is especially true in rocky habitats where commercial fishing gear is ineffective. In 1979 and 1984, underwater investigations were made to get density and biomass data of small littoral fish. Three habitats were chosen: Overhanging rocks in 9-12m depth, an adjoining fine sand bottom in 12-13m, and a coarse sand bottom in 6-7m. The most conspicuous fish species were: Triprerygion delaisi, T. melanurus, Parablennius garrorugine, P. rouxi and Gobius aurarus among the rocks, Pomatoschistus barhi, Gobius auratus and G. geniporus on the sand bottoms. The densities of the fish assemblages increased in all habitats during summer. Biomass was highest in the rocky habitat in spring (1.3 g m-2) whereas the soft bottoms reached at most 0.4 (fine sand) or 0.3 g m-2 (coarse sand) in summer. While the biannual T. delaisi and the annual P. barhi were of greater importance in spring, the biomasses of P. rouxi, G. auratus and G. geniporus increased in summer. Polychaetes were the dominant prey in both grazers as well as pickers on the rocks in spring. They were replaced by algae or crustaceans respectively, in summer. On the sand bottoms mainly mysids and fish larvae were fed on in spring, diverse benthic crustaceans in summer. Ingestion rates were 11.2 (spring) or 8.1 mg m-2 (summer) on the rocks, but only 2.8 or 1.9 mg m-2 on the soft bottoms. When the consumption efficiency (CIP) is estimated, 10 % of the mobile fauna and 0.5 % of the periphyton production was consumed on the rocks. The same index for the coarse sand fishes was 14 % .The calculation of consumption efficiencies may indicate whether the habitat offers sufficient food for the predators or whether other habitats are necessary to complete the food requirements.

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