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Natural background levels and threshold values for groundwater in fluvial Pleistocene and Tertiary marine aquifers in Flanders, Belgium
Coetsiers, M.; Blaser, P.; Martens, K.; Walraevens, K. (2009). Natural background levels and threshold values for groundwater in fluvial Pleistocene and Tertiary marine aquifers in Flanders, Belgium. Environ. Geol. 57(5): 1155-1168. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00254-008-1412-z
In: Environmental Geology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0943-0105, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279757 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Groundwater; Treshold values; Natural background levels; Flanders

Authors  Top 
  • Coetsiers, M.
  • Blaser, P., more
  • Martens, K., more
  • Walraevens, K., more

Abstract
    Aquifers from the same typology can have strongly different groundwater chemistry. Deducing the groundwater quality of less well-characterized aquifers from well-documented aquifers belonging to the same typology should be done with great reserve, and can only be considered as a preliminary approach. In the EU’s 6th FP BRIDGE project “Background cRiteria for the IDentification of Groundwater thrEsholds”, a methodology for the derivation of threshold values (TV) for groundwater bodies is proposed. This methodology is tested on four aquifers in Flanders of the sand and gravel typology. The methodology works well for all but the Ledo-Paniselian aquifer, where the subdivision into a fresh and saline part is disproved, as a gradual natural transition from fresh to saline conditions in the aquifer is observed. The 90 percentile is proposed as natural background level (NBL) for the unconfined Pleistocene deposits, ascribing the outliers to possible influence of pollution. For the Tertiary aquifers, high values for different parameters have a natural origin and the 97.7 percentile is preferred as NBL. The methodology leads to high TVs for parameters presenting low NBL, when compared to the standard used as a reference. This would allow for substantial anthropogenic inputs of these parameters.

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