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Precision-Cut Liver Slices of Salmo salar as a tool to investigate the oxidative impact of CYP1A-mediated PCB 126 and 3-methylcholanthrene metabolism
Lemaire, B.; Beck, M.; Jaspart, M.; Debier, C.; Calderon, P.B.; Thomé, J.-P.; Rees, J.F. (2011). Precision-Cut Liver Slices of Salmo salar as a tool to investigate the oxidative impact of CYP1A-mediated PCB 126 and 3-methylcholanthrene metabolism. Toxicology in vitro 25(1): 335-342. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.tiv.2010.10.002
In: Toxicology in vitro. ISSN 0887-2333, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279752 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Marine; Brackish water; Fresh water
Author keywords
    Precision-Cut Liver Slices; CYP1A induction; Oxidative stress; Antioxidant enzymes; 3-Methylcholanthrene; PCB 126

Authors  Top 
  • Calderon, P.B.
  • Thomé, J.-P., more
  • Rees, J.F., more

Abstract
    Fish isolated cell systems have long been used to predict in vivo toxicity of man-made chemicals. In present study, we tested the suitability of Precision-Cut Liver Slices (PCLS) as an alternative to these models that allows the evaluation of a global tissue response to toxicants, to investigate oxidative stress response to cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) induction in fish liver. PCLS of Salmo salar were exposed for 21 h to increasing doses of 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) and Polychlorobiphenyl 126 (PCB 126). 3-MC (25 µM) strongly induced CYP1A transcription. In dose–response analysis (25–100 µM), EROD activity was strongly increased at intermediate 3-MC concentrations. We found the counter-intuitive decline of EROD at the highest 3-MC doses to result from reversible competition with ethoxyresorufin. No increases of H2O2 production, antioxidant enzymes activities or oxidative damage to lipids were found with 3-MC treatments. PCLS subjected to PCB 126 (2–200 nM) showed increased contamination levels and a parallel increased CYP1A mRNA synthesis and EROD activity. H2O2 production tended to increase but no oxidative damage to lipids was found. As antioxidant enzymes activities declined at the highest PCB 126 dose, it is suggested that longer incubation periods could be required to generate oxidative stress in PCLS.

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