|How plate tectonics is recorded in chalk deposits along the eastern English Channel in Normandy (France) and Sussex (UK)|Duperret, A.; Vandycke, S.; Mortimore, R.N.; Genter, A. (2012). How plate tectonics is recorded in chalk deposits along the eastern English Channel in Normandy (France) and Sussex (UK). Tectonophysics 581: 163-181. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2012.01.021
In: Tectonophysics. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV: New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0040-1951, more
Chalk; Meso scale fracturing; Paleostress; Lithostratigraphy; TheEastern English Channel; Anglo-Paris basin
|Authors|| || Top |
- Duperret, A.
- Vandycke, S.
- Mortimore, R.N.
- Genter, A.
Intra-plate stresses that occurred in the Anglo-Paris Basin and English Channel during Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic times are a consequence of the convergence between Eurasia and Africa and the opening of the North Atlantic area. This geodynamic re-organisation is recorded on each side of the English Channel, with the emergence of regional structures such as the the Weald-Artois anticline and the reactivation of large-scale strike-slip faults. We analyse the Anglo-Paris Basin Chalk fracture system, on each side of the eastern English Channel, using a set of 1600 meso-scale fractures data collected on coastal chalk cliffs in Normandy (NW France) and Sussex (UK). Meso-scale fracture system is precisely dated using chalk lithostratigraphy correlations within the basin. Moreover, an inversion method is used on fault slip data to evidence a paleostress chronology in the Anglo-Paris Basin. Three main Upper Cretaceous extensive events, characterized by normal faults and jointing are recorded in Normandy and two Cenozoic compressive and extensive events with strike-slip and normal faults appear in Sussex. Paleostress records vary on each part of the eastern English Channel. The meso-scale fracture system is thus used to better define the type of relationship between meso-scale and large-scale brittle deformation in the Chalk during Meso-Cenozoic. A first NE-SW extension is recorded in Normandy in relation with local anticlines structures and related to the Lower Rhine graben opening. A second event is a WNW-ESE extension of local origin in relation with the subsidence axis of the Paris Basin. The third event is a NNE-SSW extension, well marked in Normandy and related to the activation of E-W normal faults in the western approaches of the English Channel. This event is also recorded in Sussex and reactivates locally older fractures in strike-slip. The Oligocene N-S compression/E-W extension related to the Pyrenean tectonics and the last E-W extension relative to the North Sea graben opening are well recorded in Sussex, but not in Normandy. Recent far-field stresses developed in the NW European platform are focused on deep crustal structures like the Artois hills and the Cotentin areas in France. These structures act as a stress barrier by protecting the Normandy Chalk from recent far-field stresses. On the contrary, recent far-field stresses are easily recorded by meso-scale brittle deformation on the folded Chalk in Sussex.