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A budget of bioavailable inorganic phosphorus in the sediment for the western Wadden Sea
Leote, C.; Mulder, L.; Epping, E. (2014). A budget of bioavailable inorganic phosphorus in the sediment for the western Wadden Sea. J. Sea Res. 87: 79-90. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.12.009
In: Journal of Sea Research. Elsevier/Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Amsterdam; Den Burg. ISSN 1385-1101, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Wadden Sea; Sediments; Phosphorus fractionation; Sorption; Isotherms

Authors  Top 
  • Leote, C.
  • Mulder, L., more
  • Epping, E., more

Abstract
    This paper provides quantitative and qualitative information on the sediment P pool for the western Wadden Sea. Total extractable P concentrations in the sediment were lower than 4 mu mol g(-1), with the exception of a depositional area of fine sediment where P concentrations reached 45 mu mol g(-1). Most P was in a non-bioavailable form, with the bioavailable inorganic fraction corresponding to 12-42% of the total extractable pool and being mainly composed of Fe-bound P. A strong negative relationship between median grain size and bioavailable inorganic P content was found based on which a budget was calculated for the periods of maximum (February/March) and minimum (November) content of bioavailable inorganic Pin the top 9 cm's of sediment. The sediment P budget decreased from 1.0 x 10(8) mol in February/March to 0.6 x 10(8) mol in November. Assuming that the seasonal difference was due to the release to the overlying water, an exchange of 4.0 x 10(7) mol of P was estimated, which has the potential to fuel approximately 40% of the current annual primary production of similar to 200 g C m(-2).

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