IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the world's oceans
Condon, R.H.; Graham, W.M.; Duarte, C.M.; Pitt, K.A.; Lucas, C.H.; Haddock, S.H.D.; Sutherland, K.R.; Robinson, K.L.; Dawson, M.N.; Decker, M.B.; Mills, C.E.; Purcell, J.E.; Malej, A.; Mianzan, H.; Uye, S.-I.; Gelcich, S.; Madin, L.P. (2012). Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the world's oceans. BioScience 62(2): 160-169. dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.2.9
In: BioScience. American Institute of Biological Sciences: Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0006-3568, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
Author keywords
    bloom; media; jellyfish; salp; global synthesis

Authors  Top 
  • Condon, R.H.
  • Graham, W.M.
  • Duarte, C.M.
  • Pitt, K.A.
  • Lucas, C.H.
  • Haddock, S.H.D.
  • Sutherland, K.R.
  • Robinson, K.L.
  • Dawson, M.N.
  • Decker, M.B.
  • Mills, C.E.
  • Purcell, J.E.
  • Malej, A.
  • Mianzan, H.
  • Uye, S.-I.
  • Gelcich, S.
  • Madin, L.P.

Abstract
    During the past several decades, high numbers of gelatinous zooplankton species have been reported in many estuarine and coastal ecosystems. Coupled with media-driven public perception, a paradigm has evolved in which the global ocean ecosystems are thought to be heading toward being dominated by "nuisance" jellyfish. We question this current paradigm by presenting a broad overview of gelatinous zooplankton in a historical context to develop the hypothesis that population changes reflect the human-mediated alteration of global ocean ecosystems. To this end, we synthesize information related to the evolutionary context of contemporary gelatinous zooplankton blooms, the human frame of reference for changes in gelatinous zooplankton populations, and whether sufficient data are available to have established the paradigm. We conclude that the current paradigm in which it is believed that there has been a global increase in gelatinous zooplankton is unsubstantiated, and we develop a strategy for addressing the critical questions about long-term, human-related changes in the sea as they relate to gelatinous zooplankton blooms.

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors