|A comparative study on Marine Protected Areas between Australia and Tanzania|
Akwilapo, F. (2007). A comparative study on Marine Protected Areas between Australia and Tanzania. United Nations: [s.l.]. 87 + annexes pp.
Tanzania has a number of marine protected areas (MPAs), as a coastal nation has to establish a network of marine protected areas for achieving comprehensive marine conservation. Over the past few decades, Australia has emerged as an international leader in marine conservation, launching and implementing a series of national ocean policy and marine protected areas initiatives relevant to marine protection. This paper analyses Australi?s marine protected areas policy so as to extract lessons or successes which may be applied to improve MPAs in Tanzania. Chapter one gives the introduction of marine environments and outlines some conventional international low provisions containing general and specific obligations to protect and preserve the marine environment. Chapter Two defines marine protected areas and discusses their benefits. The third Chapter analyses Australi?s Oceans Policy, in particular its establishment and implementation. Chapter Four explains the status of MPAs in Australia and the development of a National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas (NRSMPA). Chapter Five and Six discuss the current situation with respect to MPAs in Tanzania and make some comparisons between Australia and Tanzania MPAs policies, legislation, institutional arrangements and integrated coastal zone initiatives. Further more, some lessons learned from Australia are highlighted for consideration to improve MPAs in Tanzania. The paper concludes that Tanzania should put more emphasis in the establishment of new protected areas and improve the management, conservation and protection of the existing ones. It recommends for the development of a national ocean policy to have an effective, efficient and coherent ocean management.