|Seismic survey footprints in Irish waters: a starting point for effective mitigation|Folegot, T.; Clorennec, D.; Sutton, G.; Jessopp, M.J. (2016). Seismic survey footprints in Irish waters: a starting point for effective mitigation, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 313-320. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_37
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Marine mammals; Monitoring; Noise; Marine
Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Quonops
|Authors|| || Top |
- Folegot, T.
- Clorennec, D.
- Sutton, G.
- Jessopp, M.J.
The noise footprint of a given activity is defined as the area where the noise from the activity spreads into the ocean at levels above the existing statistical ambient noise. The noise footprints of seismic surveys in Irish waters from 2,000 to 2,011 have been estimated using Quonops, a global ocean noise prediction service. Noise footprints are converted into sound exposure levels to evaluate the cumulative risks toward high-, mid-, and low-frequency marine mammals. The results demonstrate large variability in risk areas as a function of existing ambient-noise levels, season, survey location, and characteristics of the survey