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Chitinozoan biostratigraphy of the Silurian Wenlock-Ludlow boundary succession of the Long Mountain, Powys, Wales
Steeman, T.; Vandenbroucke, T.R.A.; Williams, M.; Verniers, J.; Perrier, V.; Siveter, D.; Wilkinson, J.; Zalasiewicz, J.; Emsbo, P. (2016). Chitinozoan biostratigraphy of the Silurian Wenlock-Ludlow boundary succession of the Long Mountain, Powys, Wales. Geol. Mag. 153(1): 95-109. dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756815000266
In: Geological Magazine. Cambridge University Press: London. ISSN 0016-7568, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    chitinozoans; graptolites; biostratigraphy; Welsh Basin; Wenlock-Ludlow

Authors  Top 
  • Steeman, T., more
  • Vandenbroucke, T.R.A., more
  • Williams, M.
  • Verniers, J., more
  • Perrier, V.
  • Siveter, D.
  • Wilkinson, J.
  • Zalasiewicz, J.
  • Emsbo, P.

Abstract
    Systematic collecting through the upper Wenlock (upper Homerian) and lower Ludlow (Gorstian and lowermost Ludfordian) Silurian rock succession of the Long Mountain, Powys, Wales, identifies some 48 chitinozoan species that distinguish four biozones, two subzones and an interregnum. Consideration of the chitinozoan biozones together with those of the graptolites enables a local three-fold subdivision of the late Homerian lundgreni graptolite Biozone, and the distinction of lower and upper intervals for the Gorstian incipiens graptolite Biozone. The base of the Ludlow Series in the Long Mountain more or less equates to the base of the Cingulochitina acme chitinozoan Biozone, although no key chitinozoan first or last appearance datums are associated with the series boundary itself. The new graptolite–chitinozoan biozonation allows enhanced correlation between upper Wenlock and lower Ludlow sedimentary deposits of the Lower Palaeozoic Welsh depositional basin and those of the palaeo-shelf in the stratotype Wenlock and Ludlow areas of Shropshire. Chitinozoans seem affected by the phenomena that caused the late Wenlock ‘Mulde extinction’ in graptolites but, with the final disappearance of 9 species and re-appearance of 11 species following an interval of overall low diversity, they seem to have suffered less severely than their macro-zooplanktonic contemporaries.

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