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Trait decoupling promotes evolutionary diversification of the trophic and acoustic system of damselfishes
Frédérich, B.; Olivier, D.; Litsios, G.; Alfaro, M.; Parmentier, E. (2014). Trait decoupling promotes evolutionary diversification of the trophic and acoustic system of damselfishes. Proc. - Royal Soc., Biol. Sci. 281(1789). dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.1047
In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. The Royal Society: London. ISSN 0962-8452, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 292409 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    coral reef fishes; trait evolution; morphospace; morphological novelty;constraint; sound production

Authors  Top 
  • Frédérich, B., more
  • Olivier, D., more
  • Litsios, G.
  • Alfaro, M.
  • Parmentier, E., more

Abstract
    Trait decoupling, wherein evolutionary release of constraints permits specialization of formerly integrated structures, represents a major conceptual framework for interpreting patterns of organismal diversity. However, few empirical tests of this hypothesis exist. A central prediction, that the tempo of morphological evolution and ecological diversification should increase following decoupling events, remains inadequately tested. In damselfishes (Pomacentridae), a ceratomandibular ligament links the hyoid bar and lower jaws, coupling two main morphofunctional units directly involved in both feeding and sound production. Here, we test the decoupling hypothesis by examining the evolutionary consequences of the loss of the ceratomandibular ligament in multiple damselfish lineages. As predicted, we find that rates of morphological evolution of trophic structures increased following the loss of the ligament. However, this increase in evolutionary rate is not associated with an increase in trophic breadth, but rather with morphofunctional specialization for the capture of zooplanktonic prey. Lineages lacking the ceratomandibular ligament also shows different acoustic signals (i.e. higher variation of pulse periods) from others, resulting in an increase of the acoustic diversity across the family. Our results support the idea that trait decoupling can increase morphological and behavioural diversity through increased specialization rather than the generation of novel ecotypes.

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