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Quebrada de los burros: Los primeros pescadores del litoral pacífico en el extremo sur peruano = Quebrada de los burros. First fishermen of the South Pacific coast in the far south of Peru
Lavallee, D.; Julien, M.; Bearez, P.; Bolanos, A.; Carre, M.; Chevalier, A.; Delabarde, T.; Fontugne, M.; Rodriguez-Loredo, C.; Klaric, L.; Usselmann, P.; Vanhaeren, M. (2011). Quebrada de los burros: Los primeros pescadores del litoral pacífico en el extremo sur peruano = Quebrada de los burros. First fishermen of the South Pacific coast in the far south of Peru. Chungará 43(Especial 1): 333-351. hdl.handle.net/10.4067/S0717-73562011000300002
In: Chungará. Universidad de Tarapaca, Instituto de Antropologia: Arica. ISSN 0716-1182, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Archaic; Chinchorro; seasonality; Early Holocene; Mid Holocene; fishingand collect; otoliths; sclerochronology; Tacna

Authors  Top 
  • Lavallee, D.
  • Julien, M.
  • Bearez, P.
  • Bolanos, A.
  • Carre, M.
  • Chevalier, A., more
  • Delabarde, T.
  • Fontugne, M.
  • Rodriguez-Loredo, C.
  • Klaric, L.
  • Usselmann, P.
  • Vanhaeren, M.

Abstract
    Research works at Quebrada de los Burros evidenced an Archaic settlement on the littoral of Tacna (Peru). This campsite of fishermen and shell-gatherers (QLB) has been occupied during Early and Middle Holocene, between 10,000 and 6,000 BP Broad horizontal excavations revealed six successive occupation levels, with living floor layouts, hearths, specialized activity areas and accumulations of food waste of marine origin mixed with bones of terrestrial fauna. As a whole, these remains indicate that, since the beginning, the inhabitants relied intensively on ocean resources but they also exploited the lomas. Lithic tools and bone instruments attest a sophisticated equipment for fishing gathering and hunting. Two phases of occupation were characterized, the first during Early Holocene (ca. 10,000 to 7,000 BP), the second during Middle Holocene (ca. 7,000 to 6,000 BP). The analyses suggest, for the first phase, a succession of short occupations and possible contacts with high lands and, on the contrary, a more intensive occupation, nearly all the year round, for the second, during which raw lithic materials came from nearby areas. A close relation with Chilean sites Chinchorro is confirmed.

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