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High reproduction of Calanus finmarchicus during a diatom-dominated spring bloom
Koski, M. (2007). High reproduction of Calanus finmarchicus during a diatom-dominated spring bloom. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 151(5): 1785-1798. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-007-0615-2
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

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  • Koski, M.

Abstract
    Feeding, egg production, hatching success and early naupliar development of Calanus finmarchicus were measured in three north Norwegian fjords during a spring bloom dominated by diatoms and the haptophyte Phaeocystis pouchetii. Majority of the copepod diet consisted of diatoms, mainly Thalassiosira spp. and Chaetoceros spp., with clearance rates up to 10 ml ind-1 h-1 for individual algae species/groups. Egg production rates were high, ranging from ca 40 up to 90 eggs f-1 d-1, with a hatching success of 70–85%, and fast naupliar development through the first non-feeding stages. There was no correlation between the egg or nauplii production and diatom abundance, but the hatching success was slightly negatively correlated with diatom biomass. However, the overall high reproductive rates suggested that the main food items were not harmful for C. finmarchicus reproduction in the area, although direct chemical measurements were not conducted. The high population egg production (>1,20,000 eggs m-2 d-1) indicated that a large part of the annual reproduction took place during the investigation, which stresses the importance of diatom-dominated spring phytoplankton bloom for population recruitment of C. finmarchicus in these northern ecosystems.

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