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Macrobenthic subtidal communities in relation to sediment pollution: the phylum-level meta-analysis approach in a south-eastern coastal region of South America
Venturini, N.; Muniz, P.; Rodriguez, M. (2004). Macrobenthic subtidal communities in relation to sediment pollution: the phylum-level meta-analysis approach in a south-eastern coastal region of South America. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 144(1): 119-126. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-003-1186-5
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Venturini, N.
  • Muniz, P.
  • Rodriguez, M.

Abstract
    The relationships between macrobenthic subtidal community structure and the status of sediment pollution were analysed at 24 sampling stations in the Montevideo coastal zone. In order to judge the status of community perturbation a phylum-level meta-analysis was applied to the production data from the Montevideo coastal zone samples alone and combined with the original training data set from 50 samples collected on the NE European shelf. The community was dominated by the gastropod Heleobia cf. australis. The MDS (multi-dimensional scaling) ordination with abundance data (species-level) and the MDS ordination with production data (phylum level), using only our samples, showed the formation of three groups of stations. Results of the BIO-ENV procedure showed that lead, salinity and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were the variables that best explained the biological pattern observed. However, a clear salinity gradient was observed from the inner stations of Montevideo Bay to the outer coastal stations; the high levels of Pb, PAH and Cr concentrations recorded at stations B, C and D in Montevideo Bay were important in discriminating these locations from the others. The MDS ordination combining the production data from the 24 samples from the Montevideo coastal zone with the original data set showed correct assessment of the pollution status for the 24 samples from Montevideo on a common scale of perturbation. The separation of the Montevideo coastal zone samples seems to be mainly due to the high proportion of molluscs. Our results suggest general applicability of the phylum-level meta-analysis approach, even in such cases as this, with high dominance of only one phylum; however, more studies are still necessary.

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