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Microstructure of turbulence in the northern North Sea: a comparative study of observations and model simulations
Burchard, H.; Bolding, K.; Rippeth, T.P.; Stips, A.; Simpson, J.H.; Sündermann, J. (2002). Microstructure of turbulence in the northern North Sea: a comparative study of observations and model simulations. J. Sea Res. 47(3-4): 223-228.
In: Journal of Sea Research. Elsevier/Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Amsterdam; Den Burg. ISSN 1385-1101, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Modelling; Stratification; Turbulence; ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    North Sea; modelling; turbulence; stratification

Authors  Top 
  • Burchard, H., correspondent
  • Bolding, K.
  • Rippeth, T.P.
  • Stips, A.
  • Simpson, J.H.
  • Sündermann, J.

    Dissipation rate measurements in the northern North Sea from two independent observations are compared with various numerical models. The turbulence was characterised by tidal forcing in the bottom boundary layer and atmospheric forcing in the surface boundary layer. The observations were carried out by using free-falling profilers equipped with shear probes and fast CTD sensors. The models are based on Reynolds averaging and range from simple one-equation models to two-equation models with algebraic second-moment closures. Several error measures are applied for comparison of observations and model results. It is shown that the differences between the two observations are significantly larger than the equivalent measures between the model results. This is caused by the stochastic character of turbulent microstructure in connection with under-sampling, but also by the distance between the two observational sites, the movements of the vessels, instrument errors and so forth. The models on the other hand, although closed on different levels, are all based on the same assumptions and driven by the same external forcing, thus showing only relatively small differences between each other.

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