IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

The ecological, economic and public health impacts of nuisance chironomids and their potential as aquatic invaders
Failla, A.J.; Vasquez, A.A.; Fujimoto, M.; Ram, J.L. (2015). The ecological, economic and public health impacts of nuisance chironomids and their potential as aquatic invaders. Aquat. Invasions 10(1): 1-15. https://hdl.handle.net/10.3391/ai.2015.10.1.01
In: Aquatic Invasions. Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC): Helsinki. ISSN 1798-6540; e-ISSN 1818-5487, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Communities > Arthropod communities > Insect communities > Swarms
    Chironomidae [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    disease-vector, agricultural pest, nuisance, allergen

Authors  Top 
  • Failla, A.J.
  • Vasquez, A.A.
  • Fujimoto, M.
  • Ram, J.L.

Abstract
    This review examines the ecological, economical, and public health significance of chironomids and provides examples of chironomid invasions via international shipping and the subsequent local and regional impacts. Dispersal and adaptation mechanisms as facilitators of chironomid invasions are presented, and control methods are discussed. Impacts ranged from increased nuisance occurrences to agricultural disruption. Anthropogenic activities including pollution-related decimation of aquatic benthic communities might allow introduction of invasive chironomids. Chironomids can inhabit many environments, including eutrophic lakes and wastewater treatment areas, and may accumulate contaminants in high concentrations. Health concerns include the association of chironomid egg masses with Vibrio cholerae, roles of chironomids as vectors for avian botulism, and effects of chironomid chemicals as human allergens. Therefore, the presence of new chironomid species in an environment may present threats to public health and local ecosystems.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors