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Go with the flow: tidal migration in marine animals
Gibson, R.N. (2003). Go with the flow: tidal migration in marine animals, in: Jones, M.B. et al. (Ed.) Migrations and Dispersal of Marine Organisms: Proceedings of the 37th European Marine Biology Symposium held in Reykjavik, Iceland, 5-9 August 2002. Developments in Hydrobiology, 174: pp. 153-161
In: Jones, M.B. et al. (Ed.) (2003). Migrations and Dispersal of Marine Organisms: Proceedings of the 37th European Marine Biology Symposium held in Reykjavik, Iceland, 5-9 August 2002. Reprinted from Hydrobiologia, 503. Developments in Hydrobiology, 174. Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht. ISBN 1-4020-1736-7. XII, 262 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more

Also published as
  • Gibson, R.N. (2003). Go with the flow: tidal migration in marine animals. Hydrobiologia 503: 153-161, more

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    VLIZ: Proceedings [56452]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Activity patterns; Behaviour; Biological drift; Biological rhythms; Current direction; Current velocity; Dispersion; Ecological distribution; Feeding behaviour; Horizontal distribution; Intertidal environment; Light effects; Light intensity; Marine crustaceans; Marine fish; Marine organisms; Migrations; Ocean currents; Protective behaviour; Reproductive behaviour; Shallow water; Tidal currents; Tidal cycles; Tidal effects; Tides; Transport processes; Vertical migrations; Crustacea [WoRMS]; Pisces [WoRMS]; Marine

Author  Top 
  • Gibson, R.N.

Abstract
    Many shallow-water organisms are subjected to regular, frequent and considerable changes in their environment imposed by the tides. Such changes range from complex alterations in local conditions, as in the intertidal zone, to simpler variations in current speed and direction offshore. To take advantage of the opportunities these changes provide, many animals undertake regular vertical and/or horizontal migratory movements in synchrony with the tidal cycle. Others use tidal currents selectively for transport to new habitats. Such movements vary in extent from a few mm to several km and may be modulated by the diel cycle of light intensity. This paper reviews the existence of tidal migration in marine animals from various taxa and habitats. Crustacean and fish examples illustrate the various functions of tidal migration, including transport, feeding, predator avoidance and reproduction. These functions are not necessarily mutually exclusive and may change throughout ontogeny. The mechanisms involved in migration are discussed in terms of direct reactions to environmental stimuli and the interaction of these responses with endogenous rhythms of activity and responsiveness.

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