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Salinity and temperature effects on the lipid composition of mullet sea fry (Mugil cephalus, Linne, 1758)
Khériji, S.; Cafsi, M.E.; Masmoudi, W.; Castell, J.D.; Romdhane, M.S. (2003). Salinity and temperature effects on the lipid composition of mullet sea fry (Mugil cephalus, Linne, 1758). Aquacult. Int. 11(6): 571-582. dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:aqui.0000013321.93743.6d
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Aquaculture; Composition; Fatty acids; Fry; Salinity; Temperature; Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Tunisia [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Khériji, S.
  • Cafsi, M.E.
  • Masmoudi, W.
  • Castell, J.D.
  • Romdhane, M.S., correspondent

Abstract
    A large part of the extensive aquaculture in Tunisia was based on the transfer of mullet fry from the marine coastal areas to the continental fresh water lakes, the aim of this work is the monitoring of the changes made in the lipid composition of Mugil cephalus fry according to salinity and temperature acclimation. Fish acclimated to 14 °C and 0.5 psu salinity, contained 55% less total fatty acid than those acclimated to the seawater at the same temperature. Low salinity induces an increase in the percentage of some polyunsaturated fatty acid such as the 22:5 (n-3), the 22:6 (n-3) and the 20:4 (n-6), as a result of change in the level of triacylglycerol content or the activation in the synthesis of those fatty acids. The transition of the acclimation temperature from 26 to 14 °C in seawater is followed by a 215% increase in the amount of total fatty acids in the fourth week of acclimation. The total fatty acid levels of all fish at 1 week were higher than most values at 4 weeks. There was an increase of polyunsaturated fatty acids percentages due to the decrease of the temperature at the low salinity.

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