|The utilization of coastal tidal flats: a case study on Integrated Coastal Area Management from China|
Wang, Y.; Zou, X.; Zhu, D. (2000). The utilization of coastal tidal flats: a case study on Integrated Coastal Area Management from China, in: Flemming, B.W. et al. (Ed.) Muddy coast dynamics and resource management. Proceedings in Marine Science, 2: pp. 287-294
In: Flemming, B.W.; Delafontaine, M.T.; Liebezeit, G. (Ed.) (2000). Muddy coast dynamics and resource management. Proceedings in Marine Science, 2. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISBN 0-444-50464-8. 294 pp., more
In: Proceedings in Marine Science. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam; Singapore; Lausanne; Shannon. ISSN 1568-2692, more
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VLIZ: Dynamical Oceanography 
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Coastal tidal flats are valuable resources formed by the interaction of terrestrial and marine processes. New land is continually being created by the large riverine sediment supply to the coastal zone of China. This natural endowment has already brought substantial economic benefits, although the full potential for the heavily, populated coastal area in China has yet to be exploited. The tidal flats, for example, are currently still being used on a rather small scale and in an isolated manner. An uncontrolled expansion, however, causes conflicts between users, and distorts the natural ecology of the environment. Such conflicts can be minimised by integrated coastal area management (ICAM) which is to be understood as a continuous dynamic process. By the establishment of an institutional mechanism, interagency coordination and collective management of the marine environment and its resources can be accomplished. In this case study on natural processes and economic development of the tidal-flat resources in China, the authors present a systematic scheme of ICAM as a basis for further discussion.