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Political and legal challenges for managing aquaculture
Ackefors, H. (2001). Political and legal challenges for managing aquaculture, in: Burnell, G.M. et al. (Ed.) (2001). Aquaculture and its role in integrated coastal zone management: handbook of contributions and extended abstracts presented at the International Workshop on "Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management" Oostende, Belgium, April 19-21, 2001. pp. 41-57
In: Burnell, G.M. et al. (Ed.) (2001). Aquaculture and its role in integrated coastal zone management: handbook of contributions and extended abstracts presented at the International Workshop on "Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management" Oostende, Belgium, April 19-21, 2001. European Aquaculture Society/Flanders Marine Institute: Oostende. 145 pp., more

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  • Ackefors, H.

Abstract
    Legal, institutional and regulatory framework for aquaculture development in each country are based on the water management and legal status of water bodies as well as on questions related to the inherent issues within the aquaculture technology and industry. In addition , social and economic consideration govern the political attitude towards the industry. Finally stakeholders are involved in a political process where the outcome depends on the public opinion expressed in various media. Behind this process are many international agreements. Conventions, EU-Directives, Communications govern the national policy in countries with regard to environment. Recently EU has issued a Framework for Community Action in the Field of Water Policy aiming at a more holistic and sustainable use of water with guidelines for description and analyses of the environment. FAO Code of Conduct gives directions for national planning of aquaculture. Holmenkollen guidelines for aquaculture were proposed in 1994 and 1998. At an international meeting in Bangkok in 2000 The Bangkok Declaration and Strategy were adopted. The industry itself has formed a Code of Conduct through the Federation of European Aquaculture Producers. In various countries legislation for aquaculture considers environment, water management, disease problems, health regulations, hygienic conditions and food security.

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