|Yield, chemical composition and gel strength of agarocolloids of Gracilaria gracilis, Gracilariopsis longissima and the newly reported Gracilaria cf. vermiculophylla from Roscoff (Brittany, France)|
|Mollet, J.-C.; Rahaoui, A.; Lemoine, Y. (1998). Yield, chemical composition and gel strength of agarocolloids of Gracilaria gracilis, Gracilariopsis longissima and the newly reported Gracilaria cf. vermiculophylla from Roscoff (Brittany, France). J. Appl. Phycol. 10(1): 59-66. hdl.handle.net/10.1023/A:1008051528443|
|In: Journal of Applied Phycology. Springer: Dordrecht. ISSN 0921-8971, more|
Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss, 1967 [WoRMS]; Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham, 1995 [WoRMS]; Gracilariopsis longissima (S.G.Gmelin) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham, 1995 [WoRMS]; Rhodophyta [WoRMS]; Marine
agarocolloid; extracellular matrix; cell wall; galactans; Gracilaria gracilis; Gracilaria cf. vermiculophylla; Gracilariopsis longissima; Rhodophyta
Agarocolloids were extracted from field samples of Gracilaria gracilis, Gracilariopsis longissima and the newly reported Gracilaria cf. vermiculophylla harvested at different periods of the year near Roscoff (France). Native and alkali modified extracts were characterized by GLC, HPLC and FT-IR spectroscopy. The main components of agarocolloids isolated by freeze-thawing method, were 3,6-anhydrogalactose and galactose. In addition, minor components (6-O-methyl-galactose, 4-O-methyl-galactose and sulfate groups ranging from 4.4 up to 6.6% [w/w]) were detected. The highest rate of 6-O-methylgalactose was observed in agarocolloids from vermiculophylla (14 mole%). Sulfates were mainly branched on C4 of the D-galactose in gracilis and Gs. longissima agarocolloids. G. vermiculophylla agaroids isolated by EtOH and NaCl precipitations from the syneresis water were characterized by a high sulfation on C6 of galactose and a low sulfation on C2 of 3,6-anhydrogalactose. Native agarocolloid gel strengths from Gracilaria species were clearly higher than those of Gracilariopsis. Alkali treatments reduced the sulfate levels but increased slightly the gel strengths. An approximation of the polymer sizes carried out with colorimetric assays indicated that the polymer sizes were higher in G. gracilis than observed in Gs. longissima.