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Monitoring and manipulation of a sublittoral hard bottom biocoenosis in Balsfjord, northern Norway
Sandnes, O.K.; Gulliksen, B. (1980). Monitoring and manipulation of a sublittoral hard bottom biocoenosis in Balsfjord, northern Norway. Helgol. Meeresunters. 33(1-4): 467-472. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02414771
In: Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen. Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. ISSN 0174-3597, more
Also appears in:
Kinne, O.; Bulnheim, H.-P. (Ed.) (1980). Protection of life in the sea: 14th European Marine Biology Symposium, 23-29 September 1979, Helgoland. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 33(1-4). Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. 772 pp., more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine/Coastal

Authors  Top 
  • Sandnes, O.K.
  • Gulliksen, B., more

Abstract
    Sublittoral hard bottom biocoenoses in Balsfjord, Norway (69°31' N, 19°1' E), were monitored using underwater stereophotogrammetry. The study includes manipulation of natural densities of organisms and testing the importance of biological interactions and "key species " for the structure of biocoenoses. Underwater photography has the advantages of being a non-destructive method, but it is selective because small or hidden organisms cannot always be observed. Field experiments with exclusion of organisms from cages seem suitable for testing hypotheses concerning which animals are "key species " in certain biocoenoses. Sea-urchins (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, S. pallidus) were suspected to be "key species " in the present study, and their removal from cages caused an increase in abundance of barnacles (Balanus balanoides), the limpet Acmaea testudinalis and algal cover.

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