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Relationship between the dinoflagellate cyst Spiniferites pachydermus and Gonyaulax ellegaardiae sp. nov. from Izmir Bay, Turkey, and molecular characterization
Mertens, K.N.; Aydin, H.; Uzar, S.; Takano, Y.; Yamaguchi, A.; Matsuoka, K. (2015). Relationship between the dinoflagellate cyst Spiniferites pachydermus and Gonyaulax ellegaardiae sp. nov. from Izmir Bay, Turkey, and molecular characterization. J. Phycol. 51(3): 560-573. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12304
In: Journal of Phycology. Blackwell Science: New York. ISSN 0022-3646; e-ISSN 1529-8817, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing, 1866 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    18S rDNA; 28S rDNA; Aegean Sea; Gonyaulax spinifera; Incubation

Authors  Top 
  • Mertens, K.N., more
  • Aydin, H.
  • Uzar, S.
  • Takano, Y.
  • Yamaguchi, A.
  • Matsuoka, K.

Abstract
    Here, we established the cyst-motile stage relation-ship for Spiniferites pachydermus through incubation of cysts with a characteristically microreticulate/perforate surface isolated from Izmir Bay in the eastern Aegean Sea of the eastern Mediterranean. The morphology of the motile stage was similar to Gonyaulax spinifera but had a different size, overhang, displacement and reticulations. Based on the distinct morphology of the cyst and morphological differences in motile cells, we assigned S. pachydermus from Izmir Bay to the new species Gonyaulax ellegaardiae. We elucidate the phylogenetic relationship of G. ellegaardiae through large and small subunit ribosomal DNA and show that it forms a clade with other species that belong to the G. spinifera complex.

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