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Peruvian scallop Argopecten purpuratus: From a key aquaculture species to a promising bioindicator species
Loaiza, I.; Pillet, M.; De Boeck, G.; De Troch, M. (2020). Peruvian scallop Argopecten purpuratus: From a key aquaculture species to a promising bioindicator species. Chemosphere 239: 124767. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124767
In: Chemosphere. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0045-6535; e-ISSN 1879-1298, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Multi-biomarker approach; Bioindicator species; Environmental status

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Abstract
    The present study analyzed the Peruvian scallop Argopecten purpuratus and its food sources for metal and fatty acid concentrations in order to determine spatial and temporal differences. Metals such as copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), and zinc (Zn) in gills and iron (Fe) and Zn in sediments were the most significant explaining factors for spatial differentiations (degree of contamination), while for fatty acids, it was C14:0, C15:0, C16:0 and C18:0 in A. purpuratus' muscle and in its food sources, which explained more temporal differences (El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effect). Gills, digestive gland and intestine were the tissues where metal accumulation was the highest in A. purpuratus. Cd in digestive gland was always high, up to ∼250-fold higher than in other tissues, as previously reported in other bioindicator species for metal pollution. Fatty acids were good biomarkers when annual comparisons were performed, while metals when locations were compared. ENSO 2017 played an important role to disentangle A. purpuratus’ biological conditions and food sources. A. purpuratus from Paracas locations mostly showed higher metal concentrations in gills and digestive glands, and lower fatty acid concentrations in muscle than those from Sechura and Illescas Reserved Zone.

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