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Knowledge gaps in ecotoxicology studies of marine environments in Pacific Island Countries and Territories – A systematic review
Varea, R.; Piovano, S.; Ferreira, M. (2020). Knowledge gaps in ecotoxicology studies of marine environments in Pacific Island Countries and Territories – A systematic review. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 156: 111264. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111264
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X; e-ISSN 1879-3363, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Biomarkers; Biomonitoring; Ecotoxicology; Oceania; Pacific Islands; Environmental risk assessment

Authors  Top 
  • Varea, R.
  • Piovano, S.
  • Ferreira, M.

Abstract
    The Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) are heavily dependent on the marine resources for food security, employment, government revenue and economic development, hence the concern about the potential exposure of these resources to pollutants. The main goal of this review was to identify ecotoxicology studies published that were done in PICTs. Four major gaps were identified: i) a quantitative gap, with low number of studies published on the PICTs; ii) a geographic gap, where ecotoxicology studies have unevenly covered the different PICTs; iii) a temporal gap, as no biological effect monitoring study has so far been published for the PICTs; and, iv) a pollutants gap, as all of the PICTs studies focused mainly on environmental monitoring studying on average two types of pollutants (heavy metals and pesticides) per PICT only. We suggest, therefore, the potential risk to the marine environment to be estimated by assessing the fate of pollutants via chemical and biological effect monitoring.

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