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Macrobenthic metabolism as carbon and nitrogen fluxes in a coastal area exposed to strong tidal currents (Dover Strait, eastern English Channel)
Migné, A.; Davoult, D. (1998). Macrobenthic metabolism as carbon and nitrogen fluxes in a coastal area exposed to strong tidal currents (Dover Strait, eastern English Channel), in: Baden, S. et al. Recruitment, colonization, and physical-chemical forcing in marine biological systems: Proceedings of the 32nd European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Lysekil, Sweden, 16-22 August 1997. Developments in Hydrobiology, 132: pp. 307-315. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-2864-5_25
In: Baden, S. et al. (1998). Recruitment, colonization, and physical-chemical forcing in marine biological systems: Proceedings of the 32nd European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Lysekil, Sweden, 16-22 August 1997. Developments in Hydrobiology, 132. Springer Science+Business Media: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-0-7923-5273-0; e-ISBN 978-94-017-2864-5. IX, 380 pp. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-2864-5, more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more
Related to:
Migné, A.; Davoult, D. (1998). Macrobenthic metabolism as carbon and nitrogen fluxes in a coastal area exposed to strong tidal currents (Dover Strait, eastern English Channel). Hydrobiologia 375: 307-315. https://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1017052804716, more

Available in  Authors 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Allochthonous deposits
    Biological production
    Cycles > Chemical cycles > Geochemical cycle > Biogeochemical cycle > Nutrient cycles > Carbon cycle
    Cycles > Chemical cycles > Geochemical cycle > Biogeochemical cycle > Nutrient cycles > Nitrogen cycle
    Environmental effects > Tidal effects
    Layers > Boundary layers > Benthic boundary layer
    Motion > Water motion > Water currents > Tidal currents
    Cnidaria [WoRMS]; Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) [WoRMS]
    ANE, Dover Strait [Marine Regions]; ANE, English Channel [Marine Regions]; ANE, Europe [Marine Regions]
    Marine/Coastal

Authors  Top 
  • Migné, A.
  • Davoult, D., more

Abstract
    In view of recent studies of a Dover Strait macrobenthic community (eastern English Channel), an annual budget of carbon and nitrogen fluxes is proposed and discussed in order to understand the contribution of macrobenthic metabolism in this productive coastal area (phytoplanktonic production= 336 g C m−2 y−1). In this area typical of coarse sediments which are exposed to strong tidal currents in the English Channel, the macrobenthic compartment is suspected to be responsible for the major part of exchanges at the bottom-boundary layer. The macrobenthic biomass is high (mean annual biomass = 281 g afdw m−2) and dominated by three species (98.5%): the ophiurid Ophiothrix fragilis and the two cnidarians Urticina felina and Alcyonium digitatum. Carbon and nitrogen budgets including ingestion, production, respiration, excretion and egestion allow the estimation of annual fluxes from the water column to the benthic compartment (Ingestion = 820 g C m−2 y−1 and 130 g N m−2 y−1) and from the benthic compartment to the water column (Respiration + Egestion = 710 g C m−2 y−1 and Excretion + Egestion =100 g N m−2 y−1). The net metabolism, as the difference between primary production and consumption of organic matter, shows that this coastal ecosystem is heterotrophic. Its functioning is based on allochtonous material and advection and it appears to be an important source of carbon dioxide.

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