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Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos 28. Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region
Cairns, S.D. (2015). Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos 28. Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (1993), 207. Publications Scientifiques du Muséum: Paris. ISBN 978-2-85653-767-1. 361 + 1 cd-rom pp.
Part of: Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (1993). Éditions du Muséum: Paris. ISSN 1243-4442; e-ISSN 1768-305X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Author 
  • VLIZ: Non-open access 298529 [ request ]
  • VLIZ: Lower Invertebrates LOW.183 [103682]

Keywords
    Classification > Taxonomy
    Distribution
    Taxa > New taxa > New genera
    Taxonomic status > New taxa > New species
    Adelopora alveolata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Adelopora robusta Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Adelopora rosea Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Adelopora stichopora Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Calyptopora zibrowii Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Componospina Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Componospina terebellifera Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Conopora beebei Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Conopora bifacialis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Conopora cactos Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Conopora cardata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Conopora crassisepta Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Conopora croca Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia boucheti Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia cassiculata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia crassa Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia crenata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia defensa Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia deforgesi Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia jenniferae Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia laevigata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia modesta Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia parapolypoma Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia peteri Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia reticulata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia sinuosa Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia spiralis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia variegata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Crypthelia viridis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Distichozoon Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Distichozoon dens Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Errina adornata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Inferiolabiata cestospinula Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Inferiolabiata limatula Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Inferiolabiata rhabdion Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora gelanes Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora leptoclados Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora polygonalis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora pusilla Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora spinosa Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidopora unicaulis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidotheca clavata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidotheca hebetis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidotheca minuta Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidotheca ranunculata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Lepidotheca splendens Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Paraconopora Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Paraconopora spinosa Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Pseudocrypthelia apoma Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stenohelia aurantiaca Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stephanohelia crassa Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stephanohelia gracilis Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stephanohelia sulfurea Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylaster biflabellum Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylaster diastemata Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylaster fundatus Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylaster lindneri Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylaster obtusus Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylaster polystomos Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Stylasteridae Gray, 1847 [WoRMS]; Systemapora solida Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]; Systemapora vermifera Cairns, 2015 [WoRMS]
    ISEW, New Caledonia [Marine Regions]
    Marine/Coastal

Author  Top 
  • Cairns, S.D., more

Abstract
    Ninety-eight species pertaining to 19 genera of stylasterid hydrozoans are described and illustrated from the New Caledonian EEZ, which, in addition to New Caledonia, also includes the Grand Passage, Loyalty Islands, northern Norfolk Ridge, Chesterfield Islands, Lord Howe Seamount Chain, and Lansdowne Bank. Fifty-seven of the species and two of the genera are described as new, bringing the known total number of Recent (living) stylasterid species and genera to 314 and 29, respectively, and making this region the most species- rich in the world. Four new combinations (Leptohelia microstylus, Inferiolabiata cervicornis, Stylaster sinuosus, and Paraconopora anthohelia) and one synonymy are also proposed. A new genus and species of calcified hydractiniid, Distichozoon dens, is also described. A key to all Recent stylasterid genera is provided as well as tabular and dichotomous keys to the species of the larger genera represented in the region. The study was based on specimens collected from 689 stations on 35 campagnes made by the MNHN and IRD. The adaptive advantages of calcification, the gastrostyle, the ring palisade, and dactylostyles are discussed. A review of polychaete commensalism with stylasterids is given, five polychaete families now known to have species being obligate commensals of stylasterids. A majority of the species is known only from the New Caledonian region but 30 species are also known from the southern Norfolk Ridge, the numerous seamounts of this ridge appearing to be the axis of biodiversity of this family. Only four species have broader distributions in the cold temperate southern hemisphere. Most species were found between 200 and 700 m, the deepest at 1258 m.

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