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Poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate content and dose of the bacterial carrier for Artemia enrichment determine the performance of giant freshwater prawn larvae
Thai, T.Q.; Wille, M.; Garcia-Gonzalez, L.; Sorgeloos, P.; Bossier, P.; De Schryver, P. (2014). Poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate content and dose of the bacterial carrier for Artemia enrichment determine the performance of giant freshwater prawn larvae. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 98(11): 5205-5215. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-014-5536-7
In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0175-7598; e-ISSN 1432-0614, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Amorphous; Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate; Macrobrachium rosenbergii;Survival; Growth; Disease resistance

Authors  Top 
  • Thai, T.Q., more
  • Wille, M., more
  • Garcia-Gonzalez, L., more
  • Sorgeloos, P., more
  • Bossier, P., more
  • De Schryver, P., more

Abstract
    The beneficial effects of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) for aquaculture animals have been shown in several studies. The strategy of applying PHB contained in a bacterial carrier has, however, hardly been considered. The effect of administering PHB-accumulated Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 containing 10 or 80 % PHB on dry weight, named A10 and A80, respectively, through the live feed Artemia was investigated on the culture performance of larvae of the giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). Feeding larvae with Artemia nauplii enriched in a medium containing 100 and 1,000 mg L−1 A80 significantly increased the survival with about 15 % and the development of the larvae with a larval stage index of about 1 as compared to feeding non-enriched Artemia. The survival of the larvae also significantly increased with about 35 % in case of a challenge with Vibrio harveyi. The efficiency of these treatments was equal to a control treatment of Artemia enriched in an 800 mg L−1 PHB powder suspension, while Artemia enriched in 10 mg L−1 A80, 100 mg L−1 A10, and 1,000 mg L−1 A10 did not bring similar effects. From our results, it can be concluded that PHB supplemented in a bacterial carrier (i.e., amorphous PHB) can increase the larviculture efficiency of giant freshwater prawn similar to supplementation of PHB in powdered form (i.e., crystalline PHB). When the level of PHB in the bacterial carrier is high, similar beneficial effects can be achieved as crystalline PHB, but at a lower live food enrichment concentration expressed on PHB basis.

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