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Piscine mycobacteriosis: a literature review covering the agent and the disease it causes in fish and humans
Decostere, A.; Hermans, K.; Haesebrouck, F. (2004). Piscine mycobacteriosis: a literature review covering the agent and the disease it causes in fish and humans. Vet. Microbiol. 99(3-4): 159-166. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.vetmic.2003.07.011
In: Veterinary Microbiology. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0378-1135; e-ISSN 1873-2542, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    piscine mycobacteriosis; granulomas; zoonosis

Authors  Top 
  • Decostere, A., more
  • Hermans, K.
  • Haesebrouck, F., more

Abstract
    Mycobacterium marinum, M. fortuitum and M. chelonae are the etiological agents of fish mycobacteriosis. Fish mycobacteriosis is a disseminated infection reported in more than 150 fish species and is usually accompanied by emaciation and death over a period of months to years. Granulomas are formed both externally and scattered throughout the internal organs. Treatment is in most cases unsatisfactory and the overall recommendation is to destroy the diseased stock, particularly since these pathogens are capable of affecting man as well as fish. Especially fish handlers and aquarium hobbyists are infected and the disease is mostly confined to the superficial, cooler body tissues, most often the extremities. Dissemination is apparently rare but has been reported.

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