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Marine DNA viral macro- and microdiversity from Pole to Pole
Gregory, A.C.; Zayed, A.; Conceição-Neto, N.; Temperton, B.; Bolduc, B.; Alberti, A.; Ardyna, M.; Arkhipova, K.; Carmichael, M.; Cruaud, C.; Dimier, C.; Domínguez-Huerta, G.; Ferland, J.; Kandels, S.; Liu, Y.; Marec, C.; Pesant, S.; Picheral, M.; Pisarev, S.; Poulain, J.; Tremblay, J.-E.; Vik, D.; Babin, M.; Bowler, C.; Culley, A.I.; de Vargas, C.; Dutilh, B.E.; Iudicone, D.; Karp-Boss, L.; Roux, S.; Sunagawa, S.; Wincker, P.; Sullivan, M.; Acinas, S.G.; Bork, P.; Boss, E.; Bowler, C.; Cochrane, G.; Follows, M.; Gorsky, G.; Grimsley, N.; Guidi, L.; Hingamp, P.; Jaillon, O.; Kandels-Lewis, S.; Karsenti, E.; Not, F.; Ogata, H.; Poulton, N.; Sardet, C.; Speich, S.; Stemmann, L. (2019). Marine DNA viral macro- and microdiversity from Pole to Pole. Cell 177: 1-15. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.040
In: Cell. Cell Press: Cambridge. ISSN 0092-8674; e-ISSN 1097-4172, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Gregory, A.C.
  • Zayed, A.
  • Conceição-Neto, N., more
  • Temperton, B.
  • Bolduc, B.
  • Alberti, A.
  • Ardyna, M.
  • Arkhipova, K.
  • Carmichael, M.
  • Cruaud, C.
  • Dimier, C., more
  • Domínguez-Huerta, G.
  • Ferland, J.
  • Kandels, S.
  • Liu, Y.
  • Marec, C.
  • Pesant, S., more
  • Picheral, M.
  • Pisarev, S.
  • Poulain, J.
  • Tremblay, J.-E.
  • Vik, D.
  • Babin, M.
  • Bowler, C.
  • Culley, A.I.
  • de Vargas, C.
  • Dutilh, B.E.
  • Iudicone, D.
  • Karp-Boss, L.
  • Roux, S.
  • Sunagawa, S.
  • Wincker, P.
  • Sullivan, M.
  • Acinas, S.G.
  • Bork, P.
  • Boss, E.
  • Bowler, C.
  • Cochrane, G.
  • Follows, M.
  • Gorsky, G., more
  • Grimsley, N.
  • Guidi, L.
  • Hingamp, P.
  • Jaillon, O.
  • Kandels-Lewis, S.
  • Karsenti, E.
  • Not, F.
  • Ogata, H.
  • Poulton, N.
  • Sardet, C.
  • Speich, S.
  • Stemmann, L.

Abstract
    Microbes drive most ecosystems and are modulated by viruses that impact their lifespan, gene flow, and metabolic outputs. However, ecosystem-level impacts of viral community diversity remain difficult toassess due to classification issues and few reference genomes. Here, we establish an ?12-fold expanded global ocean DNA virome dataset of 195,728 viral populations, now including the Arctic Ocean, andvalidate that these populations form discrete genotypic clusters. Meta-community analyses revealed five ecological zones throughout the global ocean, including two distinct Arctic regions. Across the zones, local and global patterns and drivers in viral community diversity were established for both macrodiversity (inter-population diversity) and microdiversity (intra-population genetic variation). Thesepatterns sometimes, but not always, paralleled those from macro-organisms and revealed temperate and tropical surface waters and the Arctic as biodiversity hotspots and mechanistic hypotheses to explainthem. Such further understanding of ocean viruses is critical for broader inclusion in ecosystem models.

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