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Development of an efficient approach of archaeological heritage in the intertidal zone of the Belgian North Sea
Decock, M.; Stal, C.; Van Ackere, S.; Vandenbulcke, A.; De Maeyer, P.; De Wulf, A. (2016). Development of an efficient approach of archaeological heritage in the intertidal zone of the Belgian North Sea, in: ARQUEOLÓGICA 2.0 - 8th International Congress on Archaeology, Computer Graphics, Cultural Heritage and Innovation. pp. 138-145. https://dx.doi.org/10.4995/arqueologica8.2016.3554
In: (2016). ARQUEOLÓGICA 2.0 - 8th International Congress on Archaeology, Computer Graphics, Cultural Heritage and Innovation. Universitat Politècnica de València: València. ISBN 978-84-9048-455-5. , more

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Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    North Sea; submerged cultural heritage; 3D data acquisition; SpatialData Infrastructure; Geo Web-Service

Authors  Top 
  • Vandenbulcke, A., more
  • De Maeyer, P., more
  • De Wulf, A., more

Abstract
    The knowledge of the submerged cultural heritage in the North Sea is rather limited. The Belgian North Sea is being used for a lot of different purposes, such as fishing, aggregate extraction, wind farms, dredging, etc. Due to these increasing economic activities, the underwater archive is in danger. In the context of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage of 2001, gathering more information about the submerged cultural heritage in the intertidal zones of the North Sea is one of the main objectives of the Belgian scientific project 'SeArch'. It will give a clearer picture of the broader cultural and archaeological heritage in the region and it can be used as a basis for a sustainable management by government agencies. The Department of Geography (Ghent University, Belgium) contributes to the SeArch project in two ways. First, an innovative survey methodology has been developed which allows an accurate and cost-efficient evaluation of the archaeological potential in the intertidal zones of the Belgian beaches. Secondly, the Department of Geography is developing an interactive webGlS platform, which makes it possible to share, integrate and visualize the gathered archaeological and environmental data and information in a user-friendly way. Hereby, the total potential of this project is fully exploited in a time-efficient manner. To create an interactive webGlS platform, a good structured spatial database is needed. It enables manipulation of a wide variety of georeferenced information in both raster and vector formats. This paper provides more information about the configuration and application of the spatial database. Moreover, it focusses on the development of a fully functional Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) using the most reliable, powerful and state-of-the-art technological components. Besides, a new way of collecting geomatic data in a fast and accurate manner will be discussed. Some processing results will show the possibilities for detecting and visualizing underground structures and archaeological objects.

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