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Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in historical perspective
Christensen, J. (2016). Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in historical perspective, in: Schwerdtner Máñez, K et al. Perspectives on oceans past: A handbook on marine environmental history. pp. 133-153. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7496-3_8
In: Schwerdtner Máñez, K; Poulsen, B. (Ed.) (2016). Perspectives on oceans past: A handbook on marine environmental history. Springer Science and Business Media: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-94-017-7495-6. xii, 211 pp. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7496-3, more

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Keywords
    Dissostichus eleginoides Smitt, 1898 [WoRMS]; Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau, 1872) [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    History of IUU fishing; Exclusive Economic Zones; Southern Bluefin Tuna ; Patagonian toothfish ; Indo-Pacific marine environmental history ; Australian fishing zone ; Illegal fishing history

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  • Christensen, J.

Abstract
    The phenomenon of ‘Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing’, or ‘IUU fishing’, is among the most pressing challenges confronting fisheries scientists, managers, and conservationists in the twenty-first century. IUU fishing is an activity which seeks to avoid official monitoring and for which a deficient of reliable information often exists, yet global studies of its extent suggest that it may have accounted for as much as 20 % of the world’s marine capture harvest in the final two decades of the twentieth century. This chapter considers IUU fishing from the historians’ perspective. It provides a short history of IUU fishing, locating the phenomenon in the global expansion of marine capture fisheries and the changes to the regulation of fishing industries and control over maritime space and marine living resources that took place during the twentieth century. Three case-studies of IUU fishing from the Indo-Pacific are examined in detail: the Southern Ocean fishery for Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides); the presence of Indonesian fishers in the Australian Fishing Zone; and Japanese under-reporting of Southern Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus maccoyii) catches. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the potential for further investigations of IUU fishing from an historical perspective.

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