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Offshore wind energy potential for Bahrain via multi-criteria evaluation
Elgabiri, M.; Palmer, D.; Al Buflasa, H.; Thomson, M. (2021). Offshore wind energy potential for Bahrain via multi-criteria evaluation. Wind Engineering 45(4): 838-856. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0309524x20925399
In: Wind Engineering. SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD: London. ISSN 0309-524X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    Offshore wind farm siting, suitability maps, geographical information systems, multi-criteria, analytic hierarchy process, offshore wind energy potential

Authors  Top 
  • Elgabiri, M.
  • Palmer, D.
  • Al Buflasa, H.
  • Thomson, M.

Abstract
    Current global commitments to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases encourage national targets for renewable generation. Due to its small land mass, offshore wind could help Bahrain to fulfil its obligations. However, no scoping study has been carried out yet. The methodology presented here addresses this research need. It employs analytical hierarchy process and pairwise comparison methods in a geographical information systems environment. Publicly available land use, infrastructure and transport data are used to exclude areas unsuitable for development due to physical and safety constraints. Meteorological and oceanic opportunities are ranked and then competing uses are analyzed to deliver optimal sites for wind farms. The potential annual wind energy yield is calculated by dividing the sum of optimal areas by a suitable turbine footprint to deliver maximum turbine number. In total, 10 favourable wind farm areas were identified in Bahrain’s territorial waters, representing about 4% of the total maritime area, and capable of supplying 2.68 TWh/year of wind energy or almost 10% of the Kingdom’s annual electricity consumption. Detailed maps of potential sites for offshore wind construction are provided in the article, giving an initial plan for installation in these locations.

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