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Surface water nutrient concentrations and litter decomposition rates in wetlands impacted by agriculture and mining activities
Lee, A.A.; Bukaveckas, P.A. (2002). Surface water nutrient concentrations and litter decomposition rates in wetlands impacted by agriculture and mining activities. Aquat. Bot. 74(4): 273-285.
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770; e-ISSN 1879-1522, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Chemical elements > Nonmetals > Phosphorus
    Chemical reactions > Degradation
    Chemical reactions > Nitrogen fixation
    Cycles > Chemical cycles > Geochemical cycle > Biogeochemical cycle > Nutrient cycles
    Environmental factors > Anthropogenic factors
    Wastes > Solid impurities > Litter
    Water bodies > Inland waters > Wetlands
    Typha latifolia L. [WoRMS]
    USA, Kentucky [Marine Regions]
    Fresh water
Author keywords
    wetlands; decomposition; nitrogen; phosphorus; agriculture; mining

Authors  Top 
  • Lee, A.A.
  • Bukaveckas, P.A., correspondent

    Decomposition rates of a site-specific dominant litter, a standard litter (Typha latifolia), and cellulose were quantified in 10 western Kentucky wetlands using the litterbag technique. Short-term (60 and 42 days) incubations were conducted during fall 1998 and spring 1999. The effect of variable tissue nitrogen content on decomposition rates was evaluated by comparing mass loss among site-specific dominant species from each wetland. Effects of variable surface water and sediment nutrient concentrations on decomposition were assessed by measuring mass loss of standard litter materials (Typha latifolia and cellulose) of uniform C:N ratio. Decomposition of the site-specific dominant litter was significantly correlated with tissue C:N ratios and phosphorus concentrations in wetland waters and sediments. Water column and sediment phosphorus were also significant predictors of decomposition rates for the standard litter types. Nitrogen concentrations in surface waters were not significant predictors of decomposition for any of the substrates in either season. Wetlands impacted by mine drainage exhibited slower decomposition rates and lower nutrient levels in comparison to wetlands occurring in predominantly agricultural areas.

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