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Traçado assistido das fronteiras marítimas no quadro da Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre o direito do mar
Henriques, G.M.M. (2021). Traçado assistido das fronteiras marítimas no quadro da Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre o direito do mar. MSc Thesis. NOVA Information Management School: Lisbon. xiii, 84 pp.

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Document type: Dissertation

Keyword
    Marine/Coastal

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  • Henriques, G.M.M.

Abstract
    The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) establishes the maritime domains of jurisdiction and sovereignty of coastal States. Due to the growing interest in marine resources, the need to regulate the global maritime space has become a major requirement, being necessary to guarantee its precise delineation of the correspondent maritime zones. This evidence determined the scope of this work, which has a theoretical component and a practical component. The theoretical component regards to the description of the maritime zones, including some of the analysis methods used for delimitation in maritime zones, and the practical component focuses on the methods for delimitation of bilateral maritime boundaries over existent overlapping areas. The final product of this research regards to the development of a tool, a plugin for QGIS developed in Python, composed of three main scripts to automate the delineation process. The first script Implements the equidistance method for being the base method and most consensual approach for delineation of maritime boundaries. The second and third scripts implement the equity method. This method allows to adjust the delineation under certain specific circumstances. These latter developed scripts are complementary, allowing to generate several scenarios based on technical criteria that justify the considered options. The developed tool was applied to the case study of Portugal, which shares maritime limits with Spain and Morocco. It was identified three main areas of analysis, and it was generated several scenarios in these areas. This benchmark test demonstrates the potential of the developed tool, especially as a supportive instrument in the politicaldiplomatic negotiations between States concerning the delimitation of their maritime borders.

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