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Seaborne measurements of near infrared water-leaving reflectance: the similarity spectrum for turbid waters
Ruddick, K.G.; De Cauwer, V.; Park, Y.; Moore, G. (2006). Seaborne measurements of near infrared water-leaving reflectance: the similarity spectrum for turbid waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 51(2): 1167-1179, + 2 appendices
In: Limnology and Oceanography. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography: Waco, Tex., etc. ISSN 0024-3590; e-ISSN 1939-5590, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 119976 [ OMA ]

    Properties > Physical properties > Optical properties > Reflectance
    Properties > Physical properties > Turbidity
    ANE, Belgium, Belgian Coast [Marine Regions]

Project Top | Authors 
  • BELCOLOUR - Optical remote sensing of coastal waters, more

Authors  Top 
  • Ruddick, K.G., more
  • De Cauwer, V., more
  • Park, Y., more
  • Moore, G.

    Theory and seaborne measurements are presented for the near infrared (NIR: 700-900 nm) water-leaving reflectance in turbid waters. According to theory, the shape of the NIR spectrum is determined largely by pure water absorption and is thus almost invariant. A ‘‘similarity’’ NIR reflectance spectrum is defined by normalization at 780 nm. This spectrum is calculated from seaborne reflectance measurements and is compared with that derived from laboratory water absorption measurements. Factors influencing the shape of the similarity spectrum are analyzed theoretically and by radiative transfer simulations. These simulations show that the similarity spectrum is valid for waters ranging from moderately turbid (e.g., water-leaving reflectance at 780 nm of order 10-4 or total suspended matter concentration of order 0.3 g m-3) to extremely turbid (e.g., reflectance at 780 nm of order 10-1 or total suspended matter of order 200 g m-3). Measurement uncertainties are analyzed, and the air-sea interface correction is shown to be critical for low reflectances. Applications of the NIR similarity spectrum to atmospheric correction of ocean color data and to the quality control of seaborne, airborne, and spaceborne reflectance measurements in turbid waters are outlined.

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